REL 45 Hinduism lectures

REL 45 Hinduism lectures - January 12, 2007 Lecture Paden...

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January 12, 2007 Lecture Paden Religio – “Re” – do again, “lig” – tie, connect “reconnect”, “remake” 3 rd -4 th Century AD – religion emerges as the term for Eucharistic rites in the Christian Church after Constantine made it the official religion Protestant Reformation – 16 th -17 th centuries – encounter of European culture with other people who aren’t “Christianized”, though still sophisticated (i.e. Asian religions) Personal scripture/Baptism vs. Eucharistic rite as the center of religion Awareness multiple cultures makes religion become something categorical rather than meaning the center of the sacred Compare/Contrast aids in religion becoming a categorical word Enlightenment emerges, age of reason and classification (taxonomy, Linnaeus), and religion is no exception Religion is scrutinized and examined on rational terms o Problem – Some religions claim exclusive access to Truth, have saviors o Problem of creating/establishment of the category that is prejudiced o Religions are also involved in the ideology and politics of a culture What is considered “good” and “evil” within a culture? Universalism o Thought predisposed by making religion into a category o Joseph Campbell? o To say they’re all the same is a strong prejudice, it is it’s own claim about the sacred Hinduism – Presented as being the earliest religion Hindu identity is something that doesn’t get articulated until 19 th and 20 th centuries as a result of colonization, until then temple identity, tribal identity, personal religion, universalistic tradition new, pluralist, not originally a unified polity, it is a European description Now it is an emerging tradition, with doctrine Linked to India as being a unified nation-state Priests lived off of temples, so the more people who came, the more money came in, so they began to appeal to many people instead of a few specific people o “Universalism IS a religious view” quoth David Need…think about this!!! o Be careful about the distinction between seeing things in common and seeing things as the same o In order to put everything under one umbrella in the academic sense, then academia would be making claims on the sacred Monism - one category of Being o The Sacred - need to tie yourself back to sacred o Offers explanation of how to reconnect, but not direct Dualism - two categories of Being
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o Sacred and appearing world - need to tie yourself back to sacred o Makes it explicit o In Christianity, the Fall of Man from Eden - In Abrahamic traditions, the direct encounter with God is unique - In others, God through nature, prayer (expression of a hope for a good), talking to the forest, relationship of prayer to result is ambiguous - Contemplation – stepped up and intense form of call, extended participation, awaiting at the threshold - How is ambiguity now accepted? Discernment – you decide the meaning of the event and the call… buuuuut then there has to be a testing and interpretation
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REL 45 Hinduism lectures - January 12, 2007 Lecture Paden...

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