Courtney PetersonBio 180S – Ape-Human TransitionPilbeam, David and Nathan Young. “Human evolution: synthesizing disparate data.” ComptesRendus Palvol3 (2004): 305-321.Parallelism in the Hominoid BodyThis week’s topic had less to do with this specific topping than how this phenomenon affects how humans classify organisms, or the science of taxonomy, especially among primates. Birds and bats both have wings, but they have evolved separately and not as the result of a common ancestor and therefore do not share the same taxonomic information. While birds and bats diverge long before the genus or family level, hominoids present a challenge in taxonomy, especially those which are extinct. The genome revolution has given scientists the means to identify hominoid relations and disbar perceived differences and even similarities. It has clarified the relations between the extant apes and has established the chimpanzee as the human
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