04 life & mating

04 life & mating - Primate Features Primates...

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Unformatted text preview: Primate Features Primates (living) Anthropoidea Catarrhini Prosimii Platyrrhini Tarsiiformes Lorisiformes Lemuriformes Ceboidea Lemuroidea Cercopithecoidea Hominoidea Lorisoidea Tarsioidea Cheirogaleidae Lemuridae Indriidae Daubentoniidae Lorisidae Tarsidae Cebidae Callitrichidae Cercopithecidae Hylobatidae Pongidae Hominidae Colobinae Cercopithecinae Aotinae Cebinae Atelinae Alouattinae Pithecinae Callimiconinae Pongo Gorilla Pan Distribution of living primates (equatorial) Distribution of prosimian primates Lorisidae & Tarsidae Cheirogaleidae Lemuridae Indriidae Daubentoniidae Distribution of anthropoid primates Cercopithecidae Cebidae Callitrichidae Pongidae & Hylobatidae Habitats of living primates monsoon rainforest tropical rainforest montane gallery forest savannah swamp mangrove Niche Differentiation 1. Habitat * vegetation type (tropical rainforest, woodland savanna, tropical grassland) * omnivore * insectivore * frugivore * folivore * gramnivore * gumnivore * nocturnal * crepuscular * diurnal * cathemeral 2. Diet/Feeding strategies 3. Activity patterns * range use (sympatric vs. allopatric) * stratification (floor, understory, canopy, emergent) Cost/Benefits of Activity Patterns Nocturnal Primates- reduced social communication- reduced foraging ability +? decreased food competition + decreased heat stress + decreased predation + enhanced olfaction Diurnal Primates- decreased olfaction- increased predation- increased food competition -? possible heat stress + better visual foraging + better visual communication Benefits of Social Living Why live in social groups?Why live in social groups?...
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04 life & mating - Primate Features Primates...

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