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emerging20disease20list - ORIGINS OF EMERGING VIRUSES 13...

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Unformatted text preview: ORIGINS OF EMERGING VIRUSES 13 ) TABLE 2.|. Some Examples of “Emerging’ Viruses Virus Signs/ Symptoms Distribution Natural host Family: Orthomyxoviridae (RNA, 8 segments) Influenza Respiratory Worldwide Fowl (and pigs) (often from China) Family: Bunyaviridae (RNA, 3 segments) Hantaan, Seoul, etc. Hemorrhagic fever Asia, Europe, US. Rodent with renal syndrome (ergr, Apodemus) Rift Valley Fever“ Fever, i hemorrhage Africa Mosquito; ungulates Oropouche” Fever Brazil, Trinidad, Midge Panama Family: Tugaviridae (Alphavirus genus) (RNA) O’nyong—nyong* Arthritis, rash Africa Mosquito Sindbis" Arthritis, rash Africa, Europe, Asia, Mosquito; birds Australia Family: Flaviviridae (RNA) Yellow Fever" Fever, jaundice Africa, S. America Mosquito; monkey Dengue‘F Fever, 1- hemorrhage Asia, Africa, Mosquito; human / S. America,Caribbean monkey Rocio* Encephalitis Brazil Mosquito; birds Kyasanur Forest“ Encephalitis India - Tick; rodent Family: Arenaviridfle (RNA, 2 segments) Junin (Argentine HF)+ Fever, hemorrhage S. America Calomys musculinus Machupo (Bolivian HF) Fever, hemorrhage S. America Calomys callosus Lassa fever Fever, hemorrhage W. Africa Mastomys natalensis Family: Filoviridac (RNA) Marburg, Ebola Fever, hemorrhage Africa Unknown Family: Retroviridrle (RNA + reverse transcriptase) HIV§ AIDS Worldwide Human virus (? originally from primate) HTLVi Often asymptomatic; Worldwide, Human virus adult T-cell leukemia, with endemic (7 originally neurological diseases foci primate virus) (e.g., tropical spastic paraparesis) Family: Poxviridae (DNA) Monkeypox Smallpox—like Africa (rainforest) Rodent (squirrel) [From S. S. Morse and A. Schluederberg (1990). Emerging viruses: The evolution of viruses and viral diseases. J. Infect. Dis. 16221-7. ©1990 by The University of Chicago Press] ”Transmitted by arthropod vector 1' HF: Hemorrhagic fever § HIV: Human immunodeficiency virus 1 HTI,V: Human T cell leukemia / lymphoma virus (human T-lymphotropic virus) I, II (types I and II) Bold: Viruses with greatest apparent potential for emergence in near future ...
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