Suffrage Movement In Canada Notes

Suffrage Movement In Canada Notes - Notes: Great Works and...

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Notes: Great Works and Good Works: The Toronto Women’s Literary Club, 1877-83 Formation of women in association to secure free interchange of thought and subject that pertains to woman’s higher education: moral and physical welfare. “Book clubs” – literary society in 19 th century: popular org throughout that century. –Used by women for literary and liberal education. The Toronto Women’s Literary Club (TWLC) – best known of 19 th century groups – founded by reformer Dr. Emily Stowe – “may be placed in relationship to emergent discipline of English studies”. Literary clubs, not confined to textual interpretation but also oral. Characteristics of a club meeting might include discussion on assigned text; reading of members’ essays or scheduled topics; debate, music, etc, etc. Book clubs predated “public” libraries. Several stages of the literary society: 1 st stage – educated elite taking model in the English and European societies =place for book collectors and gentleman scientists and antiquarians. Historical Society of Quebec remained – Anglophone. Athenaeum – relied more on lecturers. St. John’s Athenaeum (1861) – formed by several educational groups - management of a reading room and a thousand-seat hall in which it staged lectures and entertainments. Relying on public lectures – women gained greater access since owmen were usually prohibited from discussion groups but often invited to public lectures. Lyceum Mechanics Institute Education black literary society – abolitionist and community assistance. Last quarter of the 19 th century explosion of literary society and debate society, esp. for women. “Young Lady-Hood” – Dutton Enterprise (Ontario) in 1888 – Dutton Literary and Scientific Society – would be women members were discourteously (rudely) treated, charged its members with betraying the aims of their own organization – pro women, allowed female members – more liberal view. Beginning to shift views on women, “barbarous appellation savouring of those days when women was little better than a slave”. Frustrated by rejection – women began to form their own societies – began to establish and participate in their own literary societies. Many same sex orgs were created – devoted to a single author (Shakespeare, etc) – also with political and social interest. TWLC (1877) – not first female literary club in Canada or Ontario. –First were established by black women associations in Western Ontario. Toronto group was front for suffrage activity… 1883 dropped its disguise and emerged as Canada’s first national suffrage association. Name was used for raising group membesr who were reluctant to focus on one issue, such as suffrage. TWLC –> National Suffrage Association – changed its mission. “Intllect raising and mutual instruction as a necessary preparation for public life and political work”. 19
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This note was uploaded on 06/06/2009 for the course HIST 204 taught by Professor Cowan during the Summer '07 term at McGill.

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Suffrage Movement In Canada Notes - Notes: Great Works and...

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