PP08Populism - 19 Century Politics 19 & Populism th...

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Unformatted text preview: 19 Century Politics 19 & Populism th Describe the nature of late Paradoxical Political System Paradoxical Political System Strong, Stable Parties Weak National Government Party System Party System Stability Elections Party Loyalty – Republicans & Democrats – Swing States Electoral Map – 1880 Red = Dem ­ Hancock Blue = Rep ­ Garfield National Government National Government Federal Government Responsibilities Presidents & Patronage •Rutherford B. Hayes •James A. Garfield •Chester A. Arthur •Grover Cleveland •Benjamin Harrison •William McKinley Early Reform Efforts Early Reform Efforts Civil Service – Pendleton Act 1883 Tariffs – 1888­89 Trusts – Sherman Anti­Trust Act, 1890 Railroad Regulation – Interstate Commerce Commission, 1887 The Agrarian Revolt – Rise of The Agrarian Revolt – Rise of Populism The Grangers – 1867­70s Farmer’s Alliances – 1875 – 1890 The People’s Party – 1892 (Populists) Populist Party Populist Party 1892­ James B. Weaver Populist Constituency Populist Party Platform Panic of 1893 Panic of 1893 1893­1898 Economic Collapse Unemployment Low Agricultural Prices The Money Question The Money Question “Specie” “Bimetallism” “Free Silver” “Crime of ’73” Election of 1896 Election of 1896 William McKinley ­ R William Jennings Bryan­ D Fate of the Third Party (Populists) Conservative Conservative Victory The Campaign 1898 – Prosperity Returns – “Front Porch Campaign” – “Cross of Gold” – Higher Tariffs – Currency Act of 1900 – Gold Standard “You shall not press down upon the brow of labor this crown of thorns; you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold” – William Jennings Bryan Frank Baum, The Wizard of Oz Frank Baum, as a Populist Parable Oz – Ounce (oz.) of gold Yellow Brick Road – Gold Standard Dorothy – “Everyman” Silver Slippers – “Free Silver” Wicked Witch of the East – Eastern Capitalists Munchkins – the “little people” Tin Woodsman – Industrial Worker Scarecrow – Farmer Cowardly Lion – William Jennings Bryan Emerald City – Washington DC The Wizard of Oz – The President Henry Littlefield, "The Wizard of Oz: Parable on Populism" from Michael Patrick Hearn, ed _The Wizard of Oz_ (New York: Schocken Books, 1983) ...
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This note was uploaded on 06/01/2009 for the course HIST 1320 taught by Professor Murphy during the Spring '08 term at Texas State.

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