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Lect. 4-1 - Immigration Describe the new immigration of the...

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Immigration Describe the “new” immigration of the late 19th century and the nativist reaction to these immigrants. Discuss the unique characteristics of American nativism during this period and list examples of nativist efforts to restrict and limit foreign immigration to the United States. 1. Waves of Immigration a. “Old” Immigrants i. 1815-1890 1. first big wave after war of 1812 ii. 15 million iii. Mostly from NW Europe 1. Some from Ireland, but not too many b. “New” Immigrants i. 1890-1914 ii. 15 million (same amt, but over a much shorter time frame) iii. South and Eastern Europe (mostly poor & less in common w/ US) 1. Austria, Hungary, Turkey, Greece etc… 2. Didn’t really speak English & were not Protestant iv. Return migrations 1. Made their money, and then take it back home (diluted US economy) 2. Causes of Immigration a. Industrialization i. Pull & push factor b. Pull Factors i. Work ii. Freedoms 1. Especially economic 2. Also, Religious freedom c. Push Factors i. Population increase 1. More people, and they are living longer than ever before ii. Commercial Agriculture and Industry 1. Mostly old farmers who were looking to continue agriculture after ag was industrialized in their nation.
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