PP07American Indians

PP07American Indians - The Dispersal of the The Dispersal...

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Unformatted text preview: The Dispersal of the The Dispersal of the Tribes Describe the various approaches that the American government has taken towards the “Indian Problem” in US History. In general, how successful was each approach? American Tribal Policies American Tribal Policies “Separation” “Concentration” – Reservations “Americanization” “Self Determination” – 20th Century Federal Government and American Federal Government and American Indians Independent Nations – Treaties Wards of the President – Paternalistic Authority “Separation” Pre­1850 West set aside as Indian Territory Westward Migration 1850s “Concentration” 1850s “Concentration” Tribal Reservations Bloody Conflicts Peace Commission – “Peace Policy” “Indian Territory” Dakotas – Two Large Reservations – Treaties – Indian Affairs – Department of Interior Indian Wars – 1870s and 1880s Indian Grievances Indian Grievances White Invasion of Reservation Land Reservations Corruption of Bureau of Indian Affairs Attack on Indian Culture Deterioration of Indian Relations Deterioration of Indian Relations after Civil War Western Settlement and Indian Raids Sand Creek Massacre – Colorado – 1864 “Indian Hunting” – California – Black Kettle – John Chivington Battle of Little Bighorn ­­ 1876 Battle of Little Bighorn ­­ 1876 Sioux George Armstrong Custer – 7th Cavalry Sioux disunity – collapse of resistance – Crazy Horse & Sitting Bull – Resist Reservations ­ Montana Nez Perce ­1877 Nez Perce ­1877 “Pierced Nose” Oregon Chief Joseph – flight to Canada – 1321 winding miles – 75 days Terms of Surrender Apache Resistance Apache Resistance Southwest – White Traffic through Apache Lands 1860s – 1880s – Intermittent Fighting with US Govt. Geronimo – Violent Conflicts – Surrender 1886 Buffalo Slaughter Buffalo Slaughter Buffalo Hides Railroads Reduction of Open Plains 1865 – 15 million; 1875 – less than 1000 Impact on Plains Indians Wounded Knee ­­ 1890 Wounded Knee ­­ 1890 1890s – Ghost Dance – Religious Revival Wovoka (Paiute) Sioux and US Government Flight to Wounded Knee, South Dakota Last of Indian “Wars” – December 29, 1890 – “Ghost Shirts” Wounded Knee ­­ 1890 Wounded Knee ­­ 1890 “Americanization” Dawes Act – 1887 Boarding Schools – Allotments – US Citizenship Failure of Americanization Native American Boarding Schools Native American Boarding Schools Postscript – “Self Determination” Postscript – “Self Determination” 1924 – Citizenship/Guardianship Disfranchisement Indian New Deal – 1930s Indian Reorganization Act 1934 – John Collier, Indian Affairs Commissioner – Preservation of tribes – Indian Self Government – Cultural Preservation ...
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