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Unformatted text preview: The Aftermath of The Aftermath of WWI
Discuss the difficulties Americans had in “winning the peace” in the years after World War I. You should address both the diplomatic obstacles following the war and the social anxieties that Americans faced in the years after the war. Diplomacy & the End Diplomacy & the End of War Search for a New World Order Search for a New World Order Woodrow Wilson and Democracy Fourteen Points Postwar Boundaries Principles for International Relations
Freedom of Seas Open Covenants Arms Reduction Free Trade Mediation of Colonial Claims League of Nations Obstacles to Wilson’s Vision Obstacles to Wilson’s Vision Allied Resistance American Politics Paris Peace Conference and Treaty Paris Peace Conference and Treaty of Versailles
Principals Woodrow Wilson David Lloyd George – Britain Georges Clemenceu – France Vittoro Orlando – Italy Idealism v. Self Interest Instability in Europe Bolshevik Revolution in Russia Compromises Freedom of seas, free trade, secret agreements National Self Determination Limited Reparations Some Colonies Independent League of Nations Adopted Issues Victories Ratification Battle in the US Ratification Battle in the US Congressional Opposition
Isolationism Partisan Opposition Wilson uncompromising Retreat to Isolation
Appeal to Public Stroke Henry Cabot Lodge “Reservations” – Amendments Postwar Social Postwar Social Turmoil 1918 Influenza 1918 Influenza “Spanish Flu” Pandemic More deaths than all 20th Century Wars Combined – 20 to 40 million Interconnected ness Anxieties Unstable Economy Unstable Economy Postwar Boom followed by Recession Labor Unrest
1919 Inflation Job Security Wartime Benefits Rescinded Race Relations Race Relations African American War Experience Assertion of Rights Strained Race Relations Great Migration Great Migration Rural South to Industrial North Document 36: Black Americans in War and Peace 700,000 – 1 million Why
Alternative to sharecropping Southern racial injustice Opportunities of North Emergence of black industrial working class Racial Violence Racial Violence Lynching increase (over 70 in 1919) Chicago Race Riot, 1919 “Red Summer” Black Nationalism Black Nationalism Marcus Garvey United Negro Improvement Association (UNIA) “Back to Africa” The Bolshevik Threat The Bolshevik Threat November 1917 – Russian Revolution Comintern (Communist International) V. I. Lenin “Workers of the World Unite!” American Radicals 1919 The Red Scare The Red Scare Peacetime Sedition Laws Radicals Expelled Palmer Raids Sacco and Vanzetti A Mitchell Palmer and J Edgar Hoover Over 6000 arrested; 500 deported Anarchists May 1920 – robbery and murder Death Sentence August 23, 1927 Retreat from Idealism Retreat from Idealism End of Progressive Reform Era 19th Amendment – Women’s Suffrage – August 1920 Postwar Disillusionment 1920 Election
Warren G. Harding “Return to normalcy” ...
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- Spring '08
- World War I