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Unformatted text preview: World War II: The World War II: The Road to War
Describe some of the conditions that led to the rise of Fascism in Europe following World War I. How did the rise of Fascism eventually lead to World War II? Discuss the specific sequence of events that brought the United States into World War II. Totalitarianism Totalitarianism
The State over the Individual Nationalistic Militaristic Stamped out Opposition One Political Party Dictator Fascist and Communist Totalitarian States All lacked Democratic Tradition Fascism on the Rise Fascism on the Rise Economic Crisis Political Unrest Disappointment with Versailles Militarism & Nationalism Opposition to Communism Fascist Italy Fascist Italy Postwar Italy Economic Difficulties Socialism and Domestic Discontent Benito Mussolini & Fascist Party “Black Shirts” “Believe, Obey, Fight” Rise of Nazi Germany Rise of Nazi Germany Postwar Germany Reparations and War Blame Failures of Weimar Republic Hyperinflation PreWWI $1=1 mark 1921 $1 = 100 marks 1922 $1 = $6500 marks January 1923 $1 = $40,000 marks August 1923 $1 = millions of marks October 1923 $1 – trillions of marks October 23, 1923 – Repudiation of debt Nazi Germany Nazi Germany The Nazi Party Adolf Hitler National Socialist German Worker’s Party PanGerman Nationalism “Master Race” and Lebensraum Opposition to Democracy and Communism Japanese Fascism Japanese Fascism Troubles in Japan 1931 Coup Military Government Economic Crisis European Imperialism in Asia Dependence on China Emperor Hirohito Japanese Warlords Nationalization of Industry Abolition of Parliament Crusade against Western Influence in Asia Militaristic Expansionist Fascist Aggression Fascist Aggression Japan v. China Invasion (19311932) League of Nations Italy v. Ethiopia 1935 Hitler v. Versailles Repudiation Occupation of the Rhineland 1936 The Road to War The Road to War The Far East The Far East Japan in China Chiang Kai shek Aid to China Nazi Expansion Nazi Expansion The Austrian Anschluss 1938 Conquest of Czechoslovakia 1938 Sudetenland Munich Agreement Appeasement Liquidation of Czechoslovakia, March 1939 Great Britain and France React Great Britain and France React New Understanding of Hitler’s Aims
PanGermanism Living Space “Master Race” and Subjugation Pledge Aid to Poland NaziSoviet Pact 1939 NaziSoviet Pact 1939 Nonaggression European Spheres of Influence One Front War for Germany Invasion of Poland 1939 Invasion of Poland 1939 Four Weeks Germany – W. Poland Soviet Union – E. Poland War – September 1939
Britain and France declare war Allies v. Axis Blitzkrieg Blitzkrieg Denmark, Norway, Netherlands, Belgium Battle of Britain, 1939 France Falls, June 1940
Mussolini from South Hitler from North Vichy France Invasion of Soviet Union, September 1941 The US and WWII The US and WWII American Neutrality American Neutrality Interwar Isolationist Sentiment Neutrality Acts 1935 Arms Embargo Discouraged Travel on Warring Nation’s Ships Idea: No war for “Protection of Neutral Rights” 1936 – Renewed 1937 – “Cash and Carry” for nonmilitary goods “Quarantine” in Asia
1937 – Japanese intensified assault on China International Community should “Quarantine” Public Response Panay Incident – December 12, 1938 $1 billion for Defense Circumvention of “Cash and Carry” Shifting Public Opinion Neutrality Tested – American Neutrality Tested – American Reaction to Blitzkreig Winston Churchill and FDR Destroyers for Military Bases 1940 German Threat Expansion of Assistance Cash and Carry – military goods Peacetime Draft – Burke Wadsworth Act Isolationists Presidential Election 1940 Presidential Election 1940 FDR – 3rd Term Republican opponent Wendell Wilke Continuity in Crisis Shift Towards War Lend Lease Lend Lease British bankruptcy Lend or Lease Weapons “Pivotal to the Defense of the United States” The North Atlantic The North Atlantic Submarine Attacks Western Atlantic as Neutral Zone American Patrol Ships German Reaction Undeclared Naval War – Summer 1941 Atlantic Charter Atlantic Charter FDR and Churchill – August 1941 Statement of Aims
Common principles for world order Destruction of Nazi Tyranny Self Determination for All Road to Pearl Harbor Road to Pearl Harbor Japanese Expansion in Pacific 1940, Tripartate Pact 1941 – Indochina and Dutch East Indies American Ultimatum – Oil Embargo General Hideki Tojo Expectation of Japanese Attack Pearl Harbor Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941 Bombing of American Naval Base in Hawaii Result – US at War ...
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