plugin-existence%20of%20God%20handout - Some Arguments for...

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Some Arguments for the Existence of God Cosmological arguments proceed from very general facts about the cosmos. the argument from motion based on Aristotelian physics, according to which something must currently be keeping all things (e.g. the celestial bodies) in motion, or else they would be slowing down. Involves synchronic cause of movement. the argument from causation 1. beings and events come into existence. 2. every being or event that comes into existence must have a cause. 3. there cannot be an infinite series of beings/events, each causing the next. therefore, there is a first cause but why not have an infinite series of causes? Each one is an explanation for the next, so each one is explained. (Hume) and why must a first cause be God, rather than (say) the Big Bang? the argument from contingency 1. there are contingent events and facts. 2. every contingent event or fact requires an explanation. (For something to be ‘contingent’ means that it could have failed to be.) 3. even if there were an infinite series of contingent events or facts, each explaining the next, the existence of the whole series would still be a contingent fact that is unexplained. therefore, a non-contingent (necessary) being is the first source of explanation. but according to traditional Western theism, God creates freely. But this leaves an
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This note was uploaded on 06/01/2009 for the course PHIL 155g taught by Professor Manley during the Spring '08 term at USC.

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plugin-existence%20of%20God%20handout - Some Arguments for...

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