plugin-introduction%20to%20existentialism%20handout

plugin-introduction%20to%20existentialism%20handout - Phil...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Phil 155. Lecture: Introduction to Existentialism Existentialism as a movement (19 th th centuries) An artistic as well as a philosophical phenomenon ( Notes from Underground , Nausea , No Exit, The Flies, The Stranger, Waiting for Godot, Death of a Salesman ) Philosophers: Soren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche, Martin Heidegger, Jean-Paul Sartre, Simone de Beauvoir, Albert Camus, Gabriel Marcel, Martin Buber… Artists: Fyodor Dostoevsky, Franz Kafka, Jean Genet, Eugene Ionesco, Samuel Beckett, Jackson Pollock, Ingmar Bergman… An emphasis on thinking about human existence or subjectivity ; this requires a radical shift in perspective and can’t be done with the tools of scholastic philosophy or mechanistic scientific inquiry. Historical Situation Philosophically: the death of God. Attempts to build ethical ‘systems’ based on universal principles of reason and general categories: Immanuel Kant, Georg Hegel, John Stuart Mill. Rise of ‘mechanical’ explanations for human behavior. Abandonment of the divine justification for government: rise of the secular nation- state. Optimism that humanism and reason will lead to a better life. But then: collapse. The Russian Revolution, horrors of Bolshevism, purges of Stalin;
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 06/01/2009 for the course PHIL 155g taught by Professor Manley during the Spring '08 term at USC.

Page1 / 2

plugin-introduction%20to%20existentialism%20handout - Phil...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online