AbstractWe all have differences and barriers due to race, gender, and/or religion. Not only dooffenders deal with these barriers and differences relating to their race and gender specifically toadd insult to injury their criminal past doesn’t make their life circumstances any better to dealwith. This paper will explore the gender differences and integration barriers offenders face whenreturning to the community after serving a long prison sentence. This will also show how thesebarriers effect the offenders’ chances of re-offending. It is with great hopes that this paper willalso provide information to the cause of recidivism. This paper will also explore the dynamics orthe requirements of second chance act. Barriers sex offenders face will also be discussed in thispaper. In this paper it will be discussed how all the barriers affect an offender’s ability toreintegrate back in the community.Keywords: Gender differences, integration barriers, integration, recidivism, second chance act,sex offenders.
IntroductionOffenders face many disparities and barriers when they return to the community afterpaying their debt to society by serving a prison or jail sentence. The prison system is a revolvingdoor simply because of the adversities these ex-offenders deal with and must make efforts toovercome those adversities. Society is the main reason for the recidivism rate being the way it is.Yes, the offenders play a part in it as well by putting themselves in such a situation that makes ithard for them to have a product, law abiding life. Offenders are not afforded the sameopportunities others are once they have been convicted of a crime. Offenders shouldn’t be forcedback into the life of crime once they are in the community. They are almost left with no otherchoice when the community turns their back on them when it comes to employment. Then thequestion is asked why individuals continue committing crimes. I understand the pushback, butsociety can’t expect a person to be completely reformed or rehabilitated when they aren’t reallygiven the second chance at life when their past is frowned upon.The second chance act was passed to prevent these barriers by employers and propertyowners. Unfortunately, offenders still must face or deal with these barriers. Those that face thesebarriers are those who crime doesn’t fit the requirements or the criteria for their record to beexpunged or sealed from future employers, or landlords. I think it’s the community’sresponsibility as well as the criminal justice system to rehabilitate these offenders, so they don’thave to face the barriers given by those who don’t understand what it’s like to lose their freedomdue to a life of crime. Lack of understanding from community leaders and or employers can alsobe a barrier offenders’ also face in the community.