Aristotle's Virtue Ethics & Feminist Ethics.pptx - Virtue...

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Virtue EthicsAristotle’s Ethics of Character
An Moral ThrowbackIs a procedural principle possible?Instead of What should I do?What kind of person should I be?Character2
Aristotle384-322 BCEAncient GreeceStudent of Plato—whowas student of Socrates.Taught Alexander theGreat.Nicomachean Ethics.3
Arête= VirtueFor Aristotle a virtue (arête) is:A character trait manifested in habitual action thatlies on a mean between two extremes, i.e., vices.Courage....BetweenFoolishCowardlyHonestyBoastfulToo modest4
Telos –end, purpose, goal.Human telos is:EudaimoniaFlourishing, thriving, well-being, the good life, or aprofound, sustaining happiness).Telosis determined by our:Ergon(function)Aristotle says “the function of man is activity ofthe soul in accordance with reason” (NE 1.7).5
What are the Virtues?Phronesis, i.e., practical reason is one’s guide.Virtue of intellect.Virtues of character:6
Vice (Excess)VirtueVice (Deficiency)FoolCourageCowardExtravaganceGenerosityStingyBoastfulHonestyLiar/too modestOverly-flatteringFriendlinessRudeOver-indulgenceTemperanceInhibition/abstinenceVanityPride (Magnanimity)Low self-esteemBuffooneryWitBoringIrritableMild/gentlenessSpiritlessVulgar/obsceneamount of spendingMagnificence(Spending accordingto means)Chintzy/StingyspendingOverly-ambitiousAppropriatelyambitiousLack of ambition7
How are virtuesdeveloped?

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