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Final Study Guide Filled In

Final Study Guide Filled In - 1 How Performance Art...

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1. How Performance Art complicates the traditional distinctions between artist, artwork, and spectator. Conventionally we think of artist and work of art as two separate entities In performance art, the artist and the work of art merge a. The agent of representation and the object of representation are identical b. Performance art collapses those two entities c. Problem: i. Those two agents are culturally engendered ii. Durer’s, Portrait of a Draftsman 1. Agent of representation: male 2. Object of representation: female iii. Titian’s Venus of Urbino , 1538 iv. The ideas that we tend to ascribe to the concept of the work of art are ideas that line up with ideas we align with women (idea of feminine and work of art)- think of adjectives, associations, connotations, descriptions v. Our concepts that we associate with ideas of artists tend to match up with concepts we align with masculinity d. Performance art plays with, if not destroys, the implications in the above works i. Durer’s opposition 1. Female vs. male 2. Passive vs. active 3. Reclined vs. sitting attentive 4. Closed eyes vs. gazing eyes 5. She is seen vs. he sees intensely 6. Unclothed vs. neatly bound by his clothing 7. Curves of landscape echo curves of body vs. organized elements and precision, plant closely manipulate by man 8. Everything on draftsman’s side emphasize nature being transformed and controlled by man ii. Concept of Titian’s Venus of Urbino … ideas of femininity 1. Five parallels between art and women 2. 1) Paintings are made in anticipation of being seen a. Women are understood to make themselves up in anticipation of being seen b. Women are expected to be object of being seen (clichés) 3. 2) Idea of exchange, transportable commodities a. Think of dowries, wedding ceremonies- father hands daughter to husband b. Art is a transportable commodity 4. 3) Works of art do not return our gaze a. Both are passive 5. 4) Things to be desired 6. 5) Visual penetration of the paintings space
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a. Due to linear perspective (greatest advancement of Renaissance art) b. Cliché: women stand to be penetrated Legacy of performance art- brings spectator to the foreground of his work Performance Artworks: Vito Acconci Following Piece 1969 Vito Acconci Openings 1970 Vito Acconci Seedbed 1972 Klein Anthropometrics 1960 Klein Leap Into the Void 1960 Schneemann Meat Joy 1964 2. The intersection of politics and art (i.e., issues of gender, race…); and, how this intersection is a departure from the Modernist notion of art as autonomous, transcendent, etc. a. 1960s- consumerism out of control, artists reacted to that i. “Some artists wanted to liberate or be liberated from something: some artists wanted to liberate themselves from producing commodities, others wanted to be free of the convoluted language of contemporary art theory” b. 1970s- real concern to talk about women as historically neglected as a population, best way to do this was to focus on their sex an essentialist approach i. Approach which is centered/ organized around that which is biologically essential to women ii.
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