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Terrorism1Unit IIIntroduction to TerrorismAugust 26, 2019Columbia Southern University
Terrorism2Terrorism is an act of violence that we have seen for centuries. It is the unlawful threat of violence to frighten people to achieve political objective or goals. To better understand terrorism,David Rapoport identifies typologies of terrorism into four waves; Anarchist, anti-colonial, new left, and religious. It is a cycle of activities in a given time period and the wave is composed of organizations. The most common terrorism typology is motivation-based. Motivational-based typologies vary from one another. According to Taylor, R. W. & Swanson, C. R. (2016), “state-involved terrorism occurs when a national government supports, fosters, or commits acts of terrorism” (p. 161). State-involved terrorism includes four components such as, state-terrorism, state-enabled terrorism, state-sponsored terrorism, and state-perpetrated/international terrorism. When a state targets its own citizens or even against foreign targets, this is state terrorism.It is the act conducted by the national government inside its own borders. This act represses its citizens and instills fear to all to consolidate the ruling regime’s power and maintain control over the civilian population (Taylor, R. W. & Swanson, C. R., 2016). State terrorism includes