Features of Written English1. Complexity2. Formality3. Precision4. Objectivity5. Explicitness6. Accuracy7. Hedging8. Organization9. Planning
1. Complexityi. vocabularyLonger words; multi-syllable words. For example, it uses many ‘bigger’ words that are not normally used in conversation.compensate, ascend and interrogateii. PhrasesMore noun based phrases than verb basedLike all other forms of life, we human beings are the product of evolution.Like all other forms of life, we human beings are the product of how we have evolvePremack used a set of plastic chips to teach a chimpanzee named Sarah the meaning of a set of symbols.Premack used a set of plastic chips to teach a chimpanzee named Sarah what a set of symbols mean.
1. Complexityiii. Sentences structuresentences tend to be long and complex, and grammar rules are followed strictly.Exercise: Pg. 6
2. FormalityAcademic writing is relatively formal. In general this means in an essay that you should avoid:a. colloquial words and expressions; ""stuff", "a lot of", "thing", "sort of",b. abbreviated forms: "can't", "doesn't", "shouldn't"c. two word verbs (Phrasal verbs): "put off", "bring up"d. sub-headings, numbering and bullet-points in formal essays - but use them in reports.e. asking questions.
What are Phrasal Verbs?Phrasal verbs are verbs that consist of a verb and a particle. Particles are small words which you already know as prepositions. Some of the most common phrasal verb particles are:About, around, at, away, back, down, for, in, into, off, on, out, over, through, to, up.