Session Objectives:Recognize the benefits of obtaining first-aid and CPRcertificationIdentify proper procedures for a variety of medicalemergenciesAssist in administering first aid when someone is injuredDo no further harm
WHAT IS FIRST AID?is the provision of initial care for an illness or injuryusually performed by non-expert, but trained personnel to a sick or injured person until definitive medical treatment can be accessed.
PURPOSE OF FIRST AID1.To save life2.To prevent further injury3.To preserve vitality and resistance to infection
FIRST AID KITEvery office, factory, home and school should have an accessible first-aid box. It is readily available in shops but you can use a tin or card board box at home as your first aid box. Following are the common stuff you should have in your first aid box.Sterile adhesive bandages in assorted sizesSmall roll of absorbent gauze or gauze pads of different sizesAdhesive tapeTriangular and roller bandagesCotton (1 roll)Band-aids (Plasters)ScissorsPen torchLatex gloves (2 pair)TweezersNeedleMoistened towels and clean dry cloth pieces.Antiseptic (Savlon or dettol)ThermometerTube of petroleum jelly or other lubricantAssorted sizes of safety pinsCleansing agent/soapNon-prescription drugsAspirin or paracetamol pain relieversAnti-diarrhea medicationAntihistamine cream for Bee StingsAntacid (for stomach upset)Laxative
Help! Emergency!Minutes could make a difference
FOUR BASIC RULES:1. Call for help immediately2. Bring help to the victim4. Do no further harm3. Check the ABCs
Evaluate the sceneAssess safetyPrioritize careCheck for medical alert tagsDo head-to-toe checkMove only if necessaryEvaluate the sceneAssess safetyPrioritize careCheck for medical alert tagsDo head-to-toe checkMove only if necessaryAssess the SceneAssess the Scene
CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION (CPR): FIRST AIDCardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving technique useful in many emergencies, including a heart attack or near drowning, in which someone's breathing or heartbeat has stopped. The American Heart Association recommends that everyone — untrained bystanders and medical personnel alike — begin CPR with chest compressions.It's far better to do something than to do nothing at all if you're fearful that your knowledge or abilities aren't 100 percent complete. Remember, the difference between your doing something and doing nothing could be someone's life.
Here's advice from the American Heart Association:Untrained. If you're not trained in CPR, then provide hands-only CPR. That means uninterrupted chest compressions of 100 to 120 a minute until paramedics arrive (described in more detail below). You don't need to try rescue breathing.