Early LifeOn June 28, 1491, Henry VIII was born at Greenwich Palace (a.k.a. The Palace of Placentia) on the banks of the River Thames in London, England. He hadan older brother named Arthur. As Arthur was being prepared to take over the throne, Henry was expected to take on a role in the church. He studied things like, theology, languages, music, sports, and poetry. He was taught by private tutors and because of this, was known as being highly educated and amusing. Months after Arthur married Catherine of Aragon,to whom he had been betrothed since age two, he died and Henry became the next in line to the throne. In addition, Henry also became betrothed to his brother’s widow, Catherine, the daughter of the Spanish king and queen. The two were married to help England and Spain form an alliance and become politically sound. This marriage eventually led to one of the things Henry became most famous for.After his father’s death, Henry was coronated at age 17. Much was expected of him as he was well built, very educated, and very creatively diverse. He had always been amiable but upon his crowning, he became harsh and cold to his subjects. He quickly took a pro-Spain, anti-France stance. Henry attacked France and their armies that were trying to extend their territory. However, the marriage ofhis sister, Mary, to Louis XII caused peace between the two countries.Wives
Henry VIII is primarily known for his infamous love life. When Henry began his reign, he married Catherine of Aragon who was five years older than himat the time. Catherine was the daughter of Ferdinand II of Aragon and Isabella I of Castile and the marriage was meant to unite the countries of Spain and England.Henry and Catherine were married for nine years and during that time, she had several miscarriages, three stillborn babies, one male baby who died after birth, one male that died at two months old, and one daughter named Mary. BecauseHenry was afraidCatherine would not give him a male heir to carry on the Tudor name, he decided to divorce her. However, the Pope refused to grant permission of the divorce because it would have disregarded the previous supported he granted in favor of the marriage. This annulment was also due to Henry’s new loveinterest, Anne Boleyn. Anne was the sister of one of Henry’sformer lovers, Mary. Anne eventually became pregnant withHenry’s child and in order to make the child a legitimate heir,Henry knew he had to marry Anne. His request for divorcewas eventually approved by Archbishop Cranmer. Since thisdecision was against the rules of Catholicism, Henry cut tieswith the Church and created a new one called, the Church of England, in which theking was the leader instead of the Pope. This reformation led to the beginning of protestantism in England.