gg 271 assingment 1 .docx - Examining Greek City States...

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Examining Greek City- States: Athens Ocean Check 150817670 GG 271 OC2 Dr. Marinel Mandres May 24, 2019
1 Check Introduction : Examining the changing nature of Greek city-states due to war, conflict and location is essential as the Peloponnesian wars were a dark and uncertain time in Greek history. City-states would be drastically changed due to the destruction of war as cities needed repairing and rebuilding. The Peloponnesian war from 431 BC – 404 BC would drastically influence Greek urbanization from 450 BC to 366 BC as the devastation of cities and surrounding rural area would ultimately shape the internal layout, major morphemically features and urban history of Athenian and the Delian league. 1 Body: City Locations: Before discussing the locational position of the cities via map one must understand that ancient Greece entailed a multitude of maps during the era. Map boundaries and decision making came from Rulers of the city-states or Landowners. Natural disasters would take their toll on Greek cities, altering mapping as natural disasters including; volcanoes, crustal movements and earthquakes changed local landscapes. 2 Below one can examine a map of the Athenian empire around 440 BC showing the two main juggernauts with influence within the region the time. First being Athens and the Delian league located in the coastal areas of the Aegean sea were inhabitants of the Athenian empire reside. Secondly the city-state of Sparta and the Peloponnesian league. The map notes important neutral states such as Crete and Epirus as well as neighbouring states of the Persian empire of; Illyria, Trace while including areas of Lucania, Calabria, Apulia, Lucania Latuim and Brutism. 1 [ CITATION Tho12 \l 4105 ] 2 [ CITATION Red88 \l 4105 ]
2 Check (Source: University Press) The second map seen below depicts ancient Greece amidst 700 BC and 211 BC as surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, the Adriatic Sea and previously mentioned Aegean sea. Made up with various island sizes, there were two critical geographical features affecting Greek cities, the multiple seas and mountains surrounding the area. Mountains ranged throughout ancient Greece from inland as well to the seaside, separating many cities from one another such as Macedonia, Thrace; Thessaly and Boeotia; Attica, Laconia and Messenia.
3 Check (Source: University Press) The third photo below examines Athens and its harbours in which we identify the Phaleric wall running from Athens to Broadbeach being a Harbour until the 5th century. Said wall was a 200-yard difference from Athens to Piraeus during 461BC and 456BC. Themistocles fortified Piraeus during 493-492 BC by an Orthogonal grid plan aimed to organize the sprawling cities of ancient Greece. 3 The first and largest of the three ports that made up Piraeus was Kantharos, used for commercial activity while Zea and Munichia were reserved for military use.

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