WK5-6Assgn1PatelA.docx - 1 Organizational Culture Walden...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 13 pages.

Organizational Culture Walden University IPSY 6740 1
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Barends, E., Villaneueva, J., Rousseau, D., Briner, R., Jepsen, D., Houghton, E., & Have, S. (2017). Managerial Attitudes and Perceived Barriers Regarding Evidence-Based Practice: An international survey. PLoS One, 12(10), 1-15. This study analyzes the perceptions and behaviors of practitioners regarding evidence based practices. Past research indicates practitioners do not utilize scientific evidence when assessing outcomes due to social norms and unfavorable attitudes. In order to understand these behaviors, the authors gathered information from management in the United States, United Kingdom, Belgium, Netherlands, and Australia. The research question composed of “what are managers’ attitudes toward EBP?” while factoring in age, education, and experience. The questionnaire was developed using the Barriers to Research Utilization Scale and the McColl Questionnaire, both contributing to EBP attitudes and behaviors. The sample size of 2,789 practitioners consisted of 3% of American, 30% of Belgian-Dutch, 48% British, and 7.5% Australian. This sample did not present restrictions such as job description (HR or accounting), industry, or level (mid- or senior level). The definition of EBP was presented and an average of 70% were familiar with the term, however, when asked to describe the term most participants did not provide an answer. Attitudes toward EBP were fairly positive with approximately 4% containing negative views. In addition, relatively 73% believed their managers could utilize EBP for better outcomes and 63% believed EBP should be paid more attention to in formal education. When assessing age, education and experience, a one-way ANCOVA was utilized to analyze the difference. The relationship between EBP attitudes with age and experience were insignificant, while education displayed a small impact. Overall the findings suggested practitioners look towards their peers when presented with problems in fields such as HR rather than relying on EBP. 2
Image of page 2
This study provided information on attitudes towards EBP, however, contained many limitations. First, while the sample size was sufficient and contained participants who were either managers or leaders, the American sample size only consisted of 3%, far too low compared to the other country’s sample sizes. This may be due to the inability to gather the correct e-mail addresses as many were returned to the sender. Second, the researchers did not provide definitions for ‘scientific literature’ and ‘management literature,’ therefore we do not know if participants knew the difference. Lastly, the term ‘manager’ is an umbrella term with multiple definitions. The researchers may not have represented all holdings of the title, therefore, not covering essential populations. In conclusion, leaders and managers must promote a climate that encourages the use of EBP in order to overcome the barrier of limited understanding of scientific literature.
Image of page 3

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 4
  • Fall '14
  • Dr.Dimatteo-Gibson
  • Human Resource Management, Organizational studies and human resource management, Correlation and dependence, Pearson product-moment correlation coefficient, Walden Library

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern