NURS6521WK4MainPost.docx - Respiratory infections are common healthcare issues we see daily Some are reversible however not all of them As an advanced

NURS6521WK4MainPost.docx - Respiratory infections are...

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Respiratory infections are common healthcare issues we see daily. Some are reversible; however, not all of them. As an advanced practice nurse (APN) , we must understand the different symptoms and their causes to treat the patient appropriately. For this discussion, I will describe chronic bronchitis and medications I would prescribe to the patient to manage their symptoms. I will also explain how age might impact any effects of the drugs, and any measures I might take to help reduce adverse side effects. Chronic Bronchitis Chronic bronchitis (CB) is described as a productive cough with the production of sputum anywhere from three months to a year consistently for approximately two years (Arcangelo, Peterson, Wilbur, & Reinhold, 2017). When symptoms worsen with this disease, there is an increase in the cough, sputum, difficulty breathing, which may require modification in medications (Arcangelo et al., 2017). It comprises chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), which is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States (Arcangelo et al., 2017). CB is not curable, but the symptoms are manageable (American Lung Association, n.d.). Many factors are associated with developing CB, which results in chronic inflammation and sputum production (Arcangelo et al., 2017). Arcangelo et al. (2017) report that cigarette smoke is the most significant factor, and many patients with the disease have a smoking history.
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  • Summer '15
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, Arcangelo

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