WK8AssgnMorganLNURS6521.docx - Running head ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS Antimicrobial Agents Lori Morgan Walden University Advanced Pharmacology NURS-6521N Dr

WK8AssgnMorganLNURS6521.docx - Running head ANTIMICROBIAL...

This preview shows page 1 - 4 out of 7 pages.

Running head: ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS 1 Antimicrobial Agents Lori Morgan Walden University Advanced Pharmacology NURS-6521N Dr. Banks July 17, 2019
Image of page 1
ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS 2 Antimicrobial Agents Antimicrobial therapy is a crucial part of the treatment for bacterial infections by inhibiting pathogenic microorganisms from growing. There are many factors associated in selecting the proper regimen for treatment, and as an advanced practice nurse (APN), it is essential that there is understanding as to which would be the best option for treatment after a thorough history and assessment are completed. The purpose of this assignment is to describe the different categories of the antimicrobial agents, while also explaining the differences between viral and bacterial infections. Lastly, tell why appropriate identification of both viral and bacterial infections is key to selecting the proper antimicrobial agent. Categories Antimicrobial therapy is dependent on the epidemiology of the infection, and identifying the causative agent is the goal for optimal treatment choice (Laureate Education, 2012). Penicillin is used to treat streptococcal and staphylococcal infections and has helped to address the drug-resistant problem (Arcangelo et al., 2017). This class of drugs are not stable in an acidic environment; therefore, it is typically administered parenterally (Arcangelo et al., 2017). It is highly used for the treatment of upper and lower respiratory infections, urinary infections, and sexually transmitted diseases (Barker, Germovsek, & Sharland, 2015). Beta-Lactam/Beta-Lactamase inhibitor combination is generally used to treat polymicrobial infections. Such infections are intraabdominal and gynecologic infections, as well as soft tissue, animal bites, and diabetic foot infections (Arcangelo et al., 2017). The primary role of this category is to prevent the breakdown of the beta-lactam by organisms that produce the enzyme, resulting in antibacterial activity (Arcangelo et al., 2017). Types of drugs in this category are cephalosporins, monobactams, and carbapenems (Arcangelo et al., 2017).
Image of page 2
ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS 3 Fluoroquinolones are a primary drug used as an antimicrobial agent. The significance of
Image of page 3
Image of page 4

You've reached the end of your free preview.

Want to read all 7 pages?

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture