ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS2Antimicrobial AgentsAntimicrobial therapy is a crucial part of the treatment for bacterial infections by inhibiting pathogenic microorganisms from growing. There are many factors associated in selecting the proper regimen for treatment, and as an advanced practice nurse (APN), it is essential that there is understanding as to which would be the best option for treatment after a thorough history and assessment are completed. The purpose of this assignment is to describe thedifferent categories of the antimicrobial agents, while also explaining the differences between viral and bacterial infections. Lastly, tell why appropriate identification of both viral and bacterial infections is key to selecting the proper antimicrobial agent. CategoriesAntimicrobial therapy is dependent on the epidemiology of the infection, and identifying the causative agent is the goal for optimal treatment choice (Laureate Education, 2012). Penicillin is used to treat streptococcal and staphylococcal infections and has helped to address the drug-resistant problem (Arcangelo et al., 2017). This class of drugs are not stable in an acidicenvironment; therefore, it is typically administered parenterally (Arcangelo et al., 2017). It is highly used for the treatment of upper and lower respiratory infections, urinary infections, and sexually transmitted diseases (Barker, Germovsek, & Sharland, 2015). Beta-Lactam/Beta-Lactamase inhibitor combination is generally used to treat polymicrobial infections. Such infections are intraabdominal and gynecologic infections, as well as soft tissue, animal bites, and diabetic foot infections (Arcangelo et al., 2017). The primary roleof this category is to prevent the breakdown of the beta-lactam by organisms that produce the enzyme, resulting in antibacterial activity (Arcangelo et al., 2017). Types of drugs in this category are cephalosporins, monobactams, and carbapenems (Arcangelo et al., 2017).
ANTIMICROBIAL AGENTS3Fluoroquinolones are a primary drug used as an antimicrobial agent. The significance of