Sample Exam 1 - Sample Exam 1 Copyright JAC 1 The Developed...

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Unformatted text preview: Sample Exam 1 Copyright JAC 2-14-08 1) The Developed Nations have _% of the World population and consume approximately_% of the world’s wealth. 1) 5, 25 4) 50, 85 2) 10, 25 5) so, 15 3) 20, 35 6) 99, 15 2) The human population is presently increasing by 1 billion peeple every __ years (approximately). 1) 5 4) 75 2) 15 5) 100 3) 50 6) 200 3) Over the past 10 years US petroleum production is. . .. 1) Increasing 2) Decreasing 3) Remaining constant 4) Approximately how many people can the earth sustain without degradation of the natural environment if everyone has the same standard of living as people in US: 1) 1 billion 4) 20 billion 2) 2 billion 5) 40 billion 3) 6 billion 5) Which of these elements are considered Scarce in the earth’s crust: 1) Carbon 6) 1 +3 2) Aluminum 7) l + 2 + 3 3) Gold 8) 2 + 3 4) Iron 9) 3 +4 5) All of the above 6) Countieszegions with predicted negative population growth over the next 50 years include; 1) US 6) All of the above 2) Europe 7) 1 + 2 3) Japan 8) 1 +2 +3 4) India 9) 2 + 3 5) Saudi Arabia 10) 2 + 3 + 5 7) Which of the following are considered renewable resources? 1) petroleum 5) all of the above 2) wind 6) 1 + 4 3) nuclear 7) 2 + 3 4)coa1 8)1+3+4 8) Water from a river used in generating electricity is a, l) renewable, nonmetallic resource 2) renewable, energy resource 3) non—renewable, nonmetallic resource 4) non-renewable, energy resource 5) None of the above 9) What is the current rate of natural population increase (births—deaths) in the Developing Countries? 1) 0.1% 4) 2.5% 2) 0.7% y 5) 13% 3) 1.3% 6) 33% 10) Water from a deep groundwater well used in the manufacturing of an automobile is a, l) renewable, nonmetallic resource 2) renewable, energy resource 3) non-renewable, nonmetallic resource 4) non-renewable, energy resource _ 5) None of the above 1 9/ air/ 11) In the quantity (y—axis) versus time (x—axis) graph above, line 1 represents, 1) Resource growth 2) Population growth 3) Reserve replenishment 4) None of the above 12) The “per capita ecologic footprint” of the Netherlands is roughly half that of the US because 1) We live in a “throw away society” 2) We drive much bigger, less fuel efficient vehicles 3) Their mass transit system is far superior 4) Many more people ride bicycles 5) All of the above are important factors 6) None of the above are important factors 13) In order for a resource to be considered "renewable" it must be replenished on a time scale equal to or less than: 1) 10 years 2) a human lifetime 3) 1,000 years 4) a million years 5) time is not a factor in determining if a resource is renewable. 14) The World fertility rate over the past 50 years has been; 1) Increasing 2) Decreasing 3) Remaining constant 15) Based on classification of resources with similar uses and/or properties, Wood used to build a house would be considered: 1) renewable 2) an energy resource 3) non—renewable 4) a non-metallic resource 5) 1 + 2 7) 2 + 3 6) l + 4 8) 3 + 4 16) The environmental problem that is causing the biggest impact and is the root of all other environmental problems, and/or greatly exacerbates them, is; 1) poverty 2) degradation of habitats 3) extinction of species 4) pollution 5) overpopulation 6) increasing resource use 17) Exponential growth I) Remains constant 2) Starts out slowly and remains slow 3) Starts out slowly then becomes very rapid 4) Starts rapidly and remains rapid 18) The original energy source for renewable resources is: 1) gravity 2) radioactivity within the earth 3) the rotational energy of the earth 4) the sun 5) the oceans 19) Country which has the largest population in the world today (From figure above 1—10) 20) How many people can the earth sustain without degradation of the natural environment if everyone has the same standard of living as people as Northern Africa: 1) 2 billion 2) 6 billion 3) 10 billion 4)40bnuon nisemmn 21) Which sex-age pyramid below is most representative of that for a developing country: 1)1 2)2 3)3 I 2 3 22) Which sex-age pyramid above is most repreSentatiVe of China: 1) 1 2) 2 3) 3 23) Carbon is found in; 1) Atmosphere 2) Biosphere 3) LithOSphere 4) Hydrosphere 5) all of the above ®1+2 ni+2+3 24) You are visiting a developing country (i.e., Guyana). Compared to a deveIOped country, you would expect to find, 1) longer life expectancies 2) higher literacy rates 3) better access to safe water 4) more extensive environmental impacts caused by present-day mining 5) all of the above 6) none of the above 25) Carbon dioxide (C02) concentrations in the atmosphere over the past 60 years are; 1) increasing 2) decreasing 3) remained relatively constant 4) All of the above 26) The amount of resources available to a country, divided by that country‘s population, describes the country’s: 1) gross domestic product 2) strategic outlook 3) standard of living 4) debt structure 5) population pyramid 27) Extracting, processing, and using mineral resources 1) requires enormous amounts of energy 2) causes land disturbance and erosion 3) produces large volumes of waste 4) releases chemicals into the atmosphere 5) 1 + 2 + 3 6) All of the above 28) Ideas included in Sustainability are, l) Shifting from renewable to non-renewable energy sources 2) Waste reduction instead of waste management 3) Pollution prevention instead of pollution control 4) 1 + 2 5) l + 3 6) 2 + 3 7) All of the above 29) Concerns of ethanol production using current biomass technology include, 1) Use for fuel not food 2) Shifting from one food crOp to a fuel crop 3) Water consumption 4) Large amount of land required 5) Consumes more energy than it produces 6) All of the above 7) 3 + 4 8l+2+3+4 30) In 2004, legal and illegal immigration accounted for approximately _ of the US population growth) 1) 5% 2) 10% 4) 45% 3) 20% 5) 75% 31) The time it takes for a specific deposit of a resource to be depleted can be extended by, 1) Reducing consumption of the resource 2) Recycling and reuse of the resource 3) More efficient mining technologies 4) 1 + 2 5) 2 + 3 6) All of the above 32) Is the element that is mainly responsible for the Sun’s energy flux, 1) Hydrogen and it’s associated isotopes 2) Carbon and it’s associated isotopes 3) Uranium and it’s associated isotopes 4) Silica and it’s associated isotOpes 33) Global warming over the past 50 plus years; 1) is scientifically debatable, that is it may or may not be happening now 2) is definitely happening now 34) Potential methods to reduce effects of global warming include, 1) Conservation 2) Solar power 3) Nuclear power 4) Plant more trees 5) Eating foods that are lower are the food chain 6) all of the above 7) l + 2 + 3 m1+2+3+4 3 5) Obtaining and using which resource(s) causcs environmental impacts; 1) Copper 2) Oil 3) Coal 6)1+2+3+4 4) Gold 7) All of the above 5) Food 36) Potential impacts that need to be aSSessed in evaluating the availability of resources include; 1) Water 2) Land 3) Air 4) Cultural 5) 1 + 2 6) l + 2 + 3 7) All of the above 37) Non-renewable resources that are needed to produce ethanol from corn in the mid-western US are; 1) River water 2) Deep ground water 3) Soil 6) Phosphorous 4) Petroleum 7) all of the above S)Nitrogen 8)2+3+4+5+6 38) Based on the short Population Growth video you saw in class, human population begins to grow very rapidly beginning with 1) the discovery of gold 2) the Roman Empire 3) the Renaissance 4) the Industrial Revolution 39) What are the two most abundant elements in the Earth’s crust? 1) oxygen and nitrogen 2) oxygen and silicon 3) sulfur and iron 4) iron and magnesium 5) silicon and aluminum 6) carbon and uranium True/False True —1 / False - 2 40) It takes more water to produce a kilogram of beef than a kilogram of com 41) Materials are mined in Hiwassee, Virginia (less than an h0ur from Blacksburg) that are used to make the brown shades found in Crayola Crayons 42) The class results for the ecological footprint survey revealed that between 6 and 8 planet Earths are necessary to support our present lifestyle 43) The replacement fertility rate (RF R) necessary to keep a deve10ped countries population level is 2.1 44) Electric Motors have become much more efficient in the last 10 years and this efficiency has translated to a significant reduction in household energy consumption from appliances 45) Aluminum mining in Jamaica is having positive impacts to the vast majority of the villagers impacted 46) The atmospheric abundance of Carbon Dioxide is greater than that of nitrogen 47) Our class rated renewable energy research as One of the most important issues where you as taxpayers would like to see your tax dollars being spent 48) Europeans use approximately half as much energy per capita as Americans. 49) Soy beans can be produced with almost no nitrogen fertilizer 50) Most of the future population growth will be in developing countries 51) On average in China there is approximately 1 automobile for every 10 people 52) Our class rated climate change as the most important issue where you as taxpayers would like to see your tax dollars being Spent 53) Electric vehicles require less parts and less maintenance compared to fuel—burning vehicles 54) Resources can be found in every country (for example the distribution of gold deposits) 55) Fusion reactions are responsible for the Earth’s internal heat engine ®@@®®®®®®®®®®0®®®®®®®®®®0®060 @®®®®®®®®®®0©®®®®®®®®®©®®®®®® [email protected] ®©®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®®® [email protected]@©®©®®©0©0®®®®0©®© ®@@@[email protected]@[email protected] @[email protected]@@@@[email protected]@[email protected]@[email protected] ©©©®©©© ® ©©®®®®®®®© [email protected] ® @@®®®®®®®® @@®®®0® E [email protected] \II OF THIS SHEET. ht WRONG WRONG WRONG ‘ WRONG 0 ® 6 ® ® ® ‘9 7 D Nu ONTHEBACK DEFGHEJ too I ( COURSE REF. @ N [email protected] m®®© w®®® M 45®@@ WO®® 47®® [email protected] [email protected]) 50®®© @[email protected]@ ©®®®®®®®0© 0®®®®®0®0® [email protected]@®®0®®®®®®®®@@@0000® [email protected]@[email protected]@[email protected] H0000000000©0000000000000000000 . _ . . ®® I®®®©°®©®0® [email protected]@[email protected]@®®® mum‘umwhoméam. moz .3 Qua—“2"— vEms.— ;:ifl; L. 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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course GEOS 1024 taught by Professor Meschreiber during the Spring '08 term at Virginia Tech.

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Sample Exam 1 - Sample Exam 1 Copyright JAC 1 The Developed...

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