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Theories1Elyzabeth Inez SmithPsy560: Journal 1: TheoriesSouthern New Hampshire UniversityAugust 18th, 2019
Theories2Having a well-rounded understanding of primary and secondary sources is key to solidresearch. Primary sources are first-hand accounts while secondary sources are second-handaccounts, for lack of a better word. An easy way to explain it would be that an autobiography is aprimary source, and a biography would be a secondary source.While evaluating primary sources, I think it's important to consider the author and whotheir audience was. Another important factor to really look for, is any apparent or obvious bias. Ihave run into a few sources that were seemingly opinionated, rather than backed up by evidenceor facts. Another consideration for evaluating a primary source would be the historical timeframe in which the source was written.While evaluating secondary sources, I think it's important to determine whether or not thesource is scholarly or not. Where was it published, and what primary sources are included withinthe literature? These are the questions that I have learned to ask myself when I am on the hunt forsolid secondary sources. Other things to watch for during the evaluation process are citations andreferences. Can they be found, and can they be verified based on what is provided in theliterature?The research methods that are used include case studies, correlational studies(longitudinal), and experimental studies. "The case study method involves closely studying aparticular event or person in order to find out as much as possible." (Funder, 2016). Correlationalstudies are non-experimental, and aims to discover a relationship between two variables withoutany manipulation of the variables. Experimental studies include a manipulated variable in orderto determine the significance of influence or impact on the other variables. There is a controlgroup, and the participants are sorted, or assigned, by random selection.Case studies are where I tend to lean when it comes to research. I like that they are so in-
Theories3depth and personal. I also love descriptive research, and I feel like case studies tend to have thatquality to them when I am reading any given paper about any particular study. Case studies willlikely impact my research the most due to the richness of information that can be found in them.I am drawn to case studies, and tend to stick with them. Experimental and correlational researchare beneficial as well, but when it comes to impacting my own research, they are the less likelyoption for me. Then again, this is the beginning of class, and who knows what gems I willstumble upon!.While I do prefer case studies, I think it is important to utilize the multiple types ofmethods that are available within personality research. In preparation of this journal entry, Istarted digging, and I read something that really stood out to me. "Moreover, we should all aspireto use multiple methods in both validating our measures and in investigating our ideas."(Roberts, Harms, Smith, Wood & Webb, 2006). So, other criteria that I will use throughout myresearch, will be the consideration of multiple methods.

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