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Running head: ANALYTICAL ESSAY1Analytical EssayRELI448N-13525Chamberlain UniversityFebruary 24, 2019Nicole Ross
ANALYTICAL ESSAY2Analytical Essay Judaism, Christianity, and Islam are often called the most influential religions in the history of human civilization (Bakhos, 2014; Fry, 2012; Giddens & Duneier, 2016). They are often called Abrahamic, and this term refers to Abraham, the First Patriarch, who opposed polytheism or faith in numerous gods and introduced monotheism as a primary religious doctrine. Judaism, Christianity, and Islam originated in the Middle East, and they all had an undeniable influence on each other. This fact explains numerous similarities which can be found between the analyzed religions. At present, Christianity, Islam, and Judaism have the biggest number of believers who live in different parts of the world. However, due to such processes as globalization and interstate migration, the number of Muslims is growing, and they migrate to traditionally Christian countries. JudaismThe history spans more than 3000 years and it is the oldest religion of the analyzed ones (Mindell, 2009, p.224). Its name stems from the Hebrew name “Yehudim” or “Judah” (Bakhos, 2014). According to the common belief, Abraham or the First Patriarch is the founder of Judaism. He was born circa 1800 B.C., and he was the first prophet who introduced the idea of monotheistic religion (Mindell, 2009, p.224). Initially, this religion waspracticed by early Jews who were nomads living in and around ancient Egypt. At that time, most of their neighbors were polytheists who worshiped numerous gods, and the Jews differed from other ethnic groups. They believed that God required strict moral principles. They also argued their exclusive right to the truth, believing their faith as the only true religion (Giddens & Duneier, 2016). The prophets of Judaism often drew their ideas from the existing religious beliefs but differed in their worship of a single, omnipotent God. The god was named 'Yahweh' or 'Jehovah,' and he was recognized as “Hear Israel, the Lord is our God, the Lord is one” (Deuteronomy 6:4). Similar to other Abrahamic faith, Judaism has its
ANALYTICAL ESSAY3main book which is known as the Hebrew Tanakh. In its structure, Tanakh is similar to the Old Testament, and it comprises such parts as Torah (“Law”), Nevi'im (“Prophets”), and Ketuvim (“Writings”). In addition to Tanakh, there is the Talmud, the text explaining and interpreting the Tanakh.

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