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Theories of Developmental Stages Havighurst’s Developmental Task Theory Robert Havighurst emphasized that learning is basic and that it continues throughout life span. Growth and Development occurs in six stages. Developmental Tasks of Infancy and Early Childhood: 1. Learning to walk 2. Learning to take solid foods 3. Learning to talk 4. Learning to control the elimination of body wastes 5. Learning sex differences and sexual modesty 6. Forming concepts and learning language to describe social and physical reality 7. Getting ready to read Middle Childhood:1. Learning physical skills necessary for ordinary games 2. Building wholesome attitudes toward oneself as a growing organism 3. Learning to get along with age-mates 4. Learning an appropriate masculine or feminine social role 5. Developing fundamental skills in reading, writing, and calculating 6. Developing concepts necessary for everyday living 7. Developing conscience, morality, and a scale of values 8. Achieving personal independence 9. Developing attitudes toward social groups and institutions Developmental Tasks of Adolescence:1. Achieving new and more mature relations with age-mates of both sexes 2. Achieving a masculine or feminine social role 3. Accepting one's physique and using the body effectively 4. Achieving emotional independence of parents and other adults 5. Preparing for marriage and family life 6. Preparing for an economic career 7. Acquiring a set of values and an ethical system as a guide to behavior; developing an ideology 8. Desiring and achieving socially responsible behavior Developmental Tasks of Early Adulthood: 1. Selecting a mate 2. Achieving a masculine or feminine social role 3. Learning to live with a marriage partner 4. Starting a family