mohenjodaro&harrapa.pdf - Ancient Indus Valley Harappa...

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Ancient Indus Valley Harappa Mohenjo-Daro
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Indus Valley The Harappan culture existed along the Indus River in what is present day Pakistan. It was named after the city of Harappa. Harappa and the city of Mohenjo-Daro were important centers of the Indus valley civilization. This Indus Valley civilization flourished around 4000-1000 B.C.
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Old World Civilizations
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Comparative Timeline
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Physical Map
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Natural Resources The Indus Valley contained numerous natural resources that were an important part of Harappan civilization. Resources included: Fresh water Timber Gold, silver, semi-precious stones Fish Sea Shells / Stones
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Himalayan Mountains The Himalayas provide a continuous source of water for the Indus River These mountain ranges also provided: timber, animal products,, gold, silver, tin and semiprecious stones, which were traded throughout the Indus Valley.
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Valleys Cedar in Chitral valley is still used to make houses and coffins, following a tradition that dates back to the first Indus cities. Beyond the mountains in the background is the region of Badakhshan, Afghanistan, a source of the deep blue lapis lazuli. This was mined during the Indus period and traded throughout the Indus Valley and to far off Mesopotamia and Egypt.
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Coast Harrappan coastal settlements were involved in fishing and trading, using the monsoon winds to travel back and forth to Oman and the Persian Gulf region.
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Natural Resources The Indus Valley contained numerous natural resources that were an important part of Harappan civilization. Resources included: Fresh water and timber. Materials such as gold, silver, semi-precious stones. Marine resources.
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Early Harappan -3300-2800 BC Trade networks provided distant sources of raw materials, including lapis lazuli and other materials for bead-making. Domesticated crops included peas, sesame seeds, dates and cotton. Domestic animals also used, such as the water buffalo. Mud brick for building.
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Middle Harappan- 2600-1900 BC By 2500 BCE, farming communities had been turned into cities The two largest cities: Harappa & Mohenjo Daro HOWEVER…In total, over 1052 cities and settlements have been found Irrigation was used to increase crop production and mud brick structures.
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Late Harappan-1700-1300 BC Cremation of human remains. The bones were stored in painted pottery burial urns. This is
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