Ancient Indus Valley Harappa Mohenjo-Daro
Indus Valley The Harappan culture existed along the Indus River in what is present day Pakistan. It was named after the city of Harappa. Harappa and the city of Mohenjo-Daro were important centers of the Indus valley civilization. This Indus Valley civilization flourished around 4000-1000 B.C.
Old World Civilizations
Natural Resources The Indus Valley contained numerous natural resources that were an important part of Harappan civilization. Resources included: Fresh water Timber Gold, silver, semi-precious stones Fish Sea Shells / Stones
Himalayan Mountains The Himalayas provide a continuous source of water for the Indus River These mountain ranges also provided: timber, animal products,, gold, silver, tin and semiprecious stones, which were traded throughout the Indus Valley.
Valleys Cedar in Chitral valley is still used to make houses and coffins, following a tradition that dates back to the first Indus cities. Beyond the mountains in the background is the region of Badakhshan, Afghanistan, a source of the deep blue lapis lazuli. This was mined during the Indus period and traded throughout the Indus Valley and to far off Mesopotamia and Egypt.
Coast Harrappan coastal settlements were involved in fishing and trading, using the monsoon winds to travel back and forth to Oman and the Persian Gulf region.
Natural Resources The Indus Valley contained numerous natural resources that were an important part of Harappan civilization. Resources included: Fresh water and timber. Materials such as gold, silver, semi-precious stones. Marine resources.
Early Harappan -3300-2800 BC Trade networks provided distant sources of raw materials, including lapis lazuli and other materials for bead-making. Domesticated crops included peas, sesame seeds, dates and cotton. Domestic animals also used, such as the water buffalo. Mud brick for building.
Middle Harappan- 2600-1900 BC By 2500 BCE, farming communities had been turned into cities The two largest cities: Harappa & Mohenjo Daro HOWEVER…In total, over 1052 cities and settlements have been found Irrigation was used to increase crop production and mud brick structures.
Late Harappan-1700-1300 BC Cremation of human remains. The bones were stored in painted pottery burial urns. This is
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- Fall '19
- Indus Valley Civilization, Indus Valley