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The Industrial Revolution and The West’s Great Divergence 1760-1850 10/09/2013 ° Intro No clear date for its beginning Still going on o China experiencing it now Biggest event since agriculture in Neolithic Revolution 8000 BC Has touched every aspect of our lives By 1800, West no longer backwards like in 1500 But can not dominate China, Africa, India But in 1900, The West can dominate most of the world Industrialization is the reason for this Allowed most people in the West to escape poverty over time ° What is Industrialization? Proto-industrialization- putting out system o Not industrialization because it was done by hand (human labor) Need things like fossil fuels Production at a central location Workers there to work, not learn a trade o Don’t own the product Exponential increase in production This makes goods much cheaper and thus widely available
° Why was Britain the first to engage in Industrialization?
1840s: parts of Central Europe, “Germany” Very slow, long process Southern Europe, Spain, Russia, Japan do not begin industrializing until the 1890s ° Industrialization Revolution Spreads: Britain vs. Europe Britain o Little government involvement o Industrial Revolution leads to railways o Nobility invested in Industrial Revolution o Factories mostly owned by individuals Europe o Government sponsored Industrial Revolution o Railways lead to Industrial Revolutions o Nobility not as invested in the Industrial Revolution o Banks play large roles- lend money to people to open factories o Form interlocking directorates- big business basically ° The “Great Divergence”: Why did China not to the same thing? Much of China was like Britain in 1700s Population Growth Advanced agriculture- adopted the potato Waterways Wealth
Shortage of land, wood ° The “Great Divergence” Why did China not industrialize?

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