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TOPIC 6 - c Mechanism for the peaceful resolution of...

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TOPIC 6 Political Parties I. The General Nature of Political Parities a. Definition: an organization that nominates and runs candidates for office under its own label b. Differences between political parties and interest groups i. Method of influencing politics ii. Breadth and scope of issue concerns iii. Private vs. Quasi – public organizations c. Membership in American Political Parties i. Party in the electorate ii. Party in government iii. Party organization II. Functions of Political Parties a. Facilitate participation in the democratic process i. Aggregate individual interests into broad coalitions ii. Simplify alternatives iii. Stimulate interest in government and public affairs b. Agents of accountability i. Organize government and promotes policy agenda ii. Minority party scrutinizes activities of majority party
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Unformatted text preview: c. Mechanism for the peaceful resolution of conflict III. Strength of Political parties a. Strength of party in the electorate b. Strength of party in government c. Strength of party organization IV. Party Competition a. General types of party systems i. One party system ii. Multi party systems 1. 3 or more parties that can effectively compete for power iii. Two party systems b. Two party competition in the U.S. i. Historical reasons ii. Consensus on fundamental values iii. Electoral rules iv. Political socialization c. Effects of minor parties i. Sources of policy innovation ii. Spoiler 1. Defined as a situation in which a minor party gets enough votes to cause the election to turn out a different way...
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