week 8.docx - Advanced Pharmacology NURS 6521 Week Eight Infections Drug Treatments for HIV\/AIDS HIV Prevalence Human Immunodeficiency Virus(HIV is the

week 8.docx - Advanced Pharmacology NURS 6521 Week Eight...

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Advanced Pharmacology NURS 6521Week EightInfectionsDrug Treatments for HIV/AIDSHIV Prevalence Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) is the virus that causes acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). According to Arcangelo et al (2017), the World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that approximately 35 million people worldwide are infected by HIV and 3.2 million of these cases are children younger than 15 years. According to the HIV surveillance report of 2017 in the U.S. alone by the Center for Disease Control [CDC], from 2012 through 2016, the rate for persons aged 25–29 years increased and in 2017, the highest rate was for persons aged 25–29 years, followed by the rate for persons aged 20–24 years. From 2012 through 2016, the rates for male and female adults and adolescents decreased. In 2017, males accounted for 81% of all diagnoses of HIV infection among adults and adolescents. The 2017 rate for male adults and adolescents was 23.1; the 2017 rate for females was 5.2 (CDC, 2017). In 2013, 2.1 million people were newly infected with HIV, and there were 1.5 million deaths attributed to HIV throughout the world. Thereasons behind all of these deaths includes limited access to healthcare, antiretroviral medications, and lack of education about prevention and transmission of HIV. Now fast forward

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