comm first exam review

comm first exam review - What are three broad questions...

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What are three broad questions that Hadley Cantril tried to answer in his research on War of the Worlds? He wanted to know: The extent of the panic The characteristics of the Broadcast The individual characters What are some characteristics of the broadcast that increased panic in response to War of the Worlds? It was very realistic, it featured “on the spot” reporting, and it interrupted the regularly schedule program as if it was a real emergency. There was “expert testimony”, names of real places, and a trust in the radio’s credibility. This happened during the depression and a lot of people were hopeless and afraid of the pending WWII. People missed the intro. Why did many people miss the introduction to War of the Worlds? A lot of people simply missed it b/c they were listening to another channel. How did missing the introduction affect people's reaction to the radio drama? Since they did not know that it was a program, they thought it was real and it scared the hell out of them. What aspects of the historical context may have influenced responses to War of the Worlds? People may have trusted the radio b/c it was the only real up to date form of news that they had back then. People were afraid of War. This fear may have exacerbated their emotions while listening to the program. What are some typical types of behaviors that people performed when hearing the radio drama? People called their friends and neighbors to tell them to listen to the radio. But these people that turned in after being called missed the intro, so they panicked too. A lot of people panicked and went into their storm cellars. What individual-level characteristics affected people's responses to War of the Worlds? How religious people were b/c they thought it was the apocalypse, if they were emotionally insecure, if they had low self- confidence, or if they were listening to the program in a poor listening situation. What is a schema? Schema- a cognitive knowledge structure that organizes knowledge about a concept or stimulus. How do schemas affect information processing? Schemas influence expectations, guide attention, influence perceptions, and influence memory. Who is Erving Goffman, and what does he say about social behavior? He wrote The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. He said that people are actors and that we act differently in different situations, as if we were on stage. We have a different role for each audience. According to Goffman, what two things must be true in order for people adequately to play social roles? The back stage must be private and the audiences must be separate. What is an information system? Give an original example. An information system when you let different people see certain sides of you. There are pattern of access that we have to social information of other people. What is the general argument of medium theorists?
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course COMM 118 taught by Professor Oliver,maryb during the Spring '07 term at Penn State.

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comm first exam review - What are three broad questions...

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