comm third exam review - In what different ways have gay...

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In what different ways have gay characters been portrayed in films and TV shows since the 1930s? In the 1930’s and 1940’s, gay characters were portrayed as freaks, outcasts, and monsters. In 1934, there was a production code that defined what was acceptable or not. This meant that directors had to be more subtle about gay themes. Now, gay characters are more normal and a lot more accepted. Regarding the portrayals of gay characters, what does “heterosexualizing” mean? It is like in ‘Will & Grace’ where a gay man and a straight woman are in a ‘relationship’. Gay men are not in serious relationships. What did Cohen find about audience responses in her study on Tidy Endings? Tidy Endings is a film about AIDS. Gay audiences saw it as a film about gay relationships and were more aware of homophobic remarks. A straight audience saw it as a film about AIDS. What were the findings on the Cultural Indicators Project regarding views of gays and lesbians? There was a cultivation effect. More TV viewing stronger negative attitudes about gays & lesbians, even for “liberal” viewers . Mainstreaming effect: Heavy viewers gave the “television answer” regardless of beliefs. List (in order) and define Clark's four stages of minority inclusion. When possible, give examples of media portrayals that exemplify each stage. 1) Non-Recognition- completely ignoring the subject 2) Ridicule- the ‘token’ black guy 3) Regulation- casting blacks in rolls where they uphold social order like cops or judges b/c the issue is, our target audience will want to see the least threatening. 4) Respect- realistic, variety 1950’s- portrayals were uncommon; negative stereotypes 1960’s- increase in numbers 1970’s- ‘representative’ in numbers; lower social economic status; in sitcoms What are some of the ways in which different racial/ethnic groups are portrayed in media content today? Groups like Asians, Latinos, and American Indians are not recognized. African Americans are mostly in sitcoms and there is little integration. There is an over representation as blacks as poor and lazy. Provide examples of studies pertaining to portrayals of African Americans and poverty/crime. -There s an over representation of poverty amongst AA in magazines. In reality, AA are a lot less poor than they are portrayed in magazines. -The news distorts how the crime occurs. They will say a white person’s name instead of “some white person”. They will say “some black person”. This is bad b/c it implicates the whole race instead of the person. The news is also more likely to stick up for a white person. The news’ depiction of blacks imply guilt, aggression, and homogeneity. How was racism related to enjoyment of and responses to "All in the Family" among White viewers?
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course COMM 118 taught by Professor Oliver,maryb during the Spring '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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comm third exam review - In what different ways have gay...

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