2-15-08 - Conversation Discourse: connected text above the...

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1 Conversation Discourse : connected text above the sentence level; utterance: basic unit of discourse—speaking for a reason Pragmatics : studying how context contributes to meaning Language and Gender : how do females and males communicate differently
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2 Components of Speech Acts Production of sounds and words (referential meaning) The intended meaning of the utterance (or what it is understood to mean)—an idiom, has a meaning, but is not the definition of the words involved. Sue’s mother did not like her boyfriend from the word go. Effect on listener (understood meaning)
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3 Context : What is it? Physical context: location discourse is taking place (Gilmore Girls: living room, dining room) Epistemic context: what is the previous knowledge, but not always interpreted the same Linguistic context: what has already been said/discussed Social context: relationship between the speaker and listeners
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4 Direct and Indirect Speech Acts When the words and sounds correspond with the intended meaning: Direct Speech Act It has started to rain and I left my umbrella at the HUB. Indirect Speech Act is when intended meaning is different from referential meaning of spoken words. (What I really mean is that I want you to lend me your umbrella.)
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5 Speech Acts : Direct and Indirect Declarative : John has a dog. (statement of fact) Interrogative : Are you going to the grocery store this afternoon? (question) Imperative : Buy me some cereal. (command) Questions and commands are better understood as to whether they are appropriate
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6 Performative Acts: a special kind of speech act I assert that PSU will defeat Illinois tomorrow night in the men’s basketball game. I ask who Penn State will beat. I order Penn State to beat Illinois . Use “I” and present tense Speech action is like any other action: in the above examples, the performing actions are all language based. .
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7 Performative Speech Acts Test for performative: I promise to take Kim to the movies tonight. Kim promises to take me to the movies tonight.
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2-15-08 - Conversation Discourse: connected text above the...

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