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Running head: BREAST CANCER IN MEN 1 Breast cancer risk factors in men Name Professor Institution Course
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BREAST CANCER IN MEN 2 Abstract This research focuses on the men who are at a higher risk of developing breast cancer. The cases of men breast cancer are few thus little research has been done on men. However, there are various risk factors which have been noted by various researchers to increase the chances of breast cancer development in men. Radiation exposure in the chest of any man through treatment and work environment at a younger increase the risk of developing men breast cancer. The obese men are at a higher risk of developing breast cancer since they have higher levels of aromatase in their adipose which aids the conversion of testosterone to estrogen. In addition, men with certain genetic predispositions like ones from a family with a history of breast cancer, mutated genes, and Klinefelter's syndrome are at a higher risk of developing breast cancer. Also, alcoholic men and men with higher estrogen levels are at a higher risk of developing breast cancer. Finally, the report contains evidence from various studies done to investigate the different risk factors leading to men breast cancer.
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BREAST CANCER IN MEN 3 Introduction In the field of medicine, breast cancer is broadly referred to as a malignant tumor in people whose growth starts in the breast cells. The malignancy of tumors in this context refers to a bunch or a collection of cancerous cells especially in the breast which is not only capable of growing in a specific cell but also have the capacity to invade other surrounding tissues and spread to other various parts of the human body. It has, however, been discovered that in most cases the breast cancer lumps are usually benign, meaning they are not cancerous in other organs of the body or cannot be spread in other body parts. Although the disease has been known to affect women around the world, there have been increased cases of breast cancer which has been diagnosed in men. This research paper, therefore, aims to present which men are at higher risk of getting breast cancer (Fentiman et al, p.598, 2006). The rates of breast cancer in men are very low than in women across the world, with the lifetime risk of men getting cancer is about 1 in every 1,000 men in the U.S as compared to the rate in women indicating 1 in every 8 women in the U.S. in 2014 data on cancer, which is the most recent data available, men were showed to be at lower risk of breast cancer. The data indicated men having incidences of 1.2 men per 100,000 with mortality rate being 0.3 per 100,000 in men caused by breast cancer. In women, this was higher, having 124.9 per 100,000 incidences of breast cancer and with 20.5 per 100,000 death incidences occurring among women as a result of breast cancer. The survival rates for both men and women at the similar or same stage of breast cancer were same for both groups, with men often diagnosed at later stages of the breast cancer. Men are usually less likely to report the symptoms of breast cancer, something
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