3-28(2)-08 - Identifying Verbals Verbals are closely...

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1 Identifying Verbals Verbals are closely related to verbs in that they signify action, but they function in sentences, not as verbs, but as nouns, adjectives, and adverbs. Arnold reads the book. (describes an action) Reading is fun for Arnold. (names an action) Three kinds of verbals: infinitives, participles, gerunds
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2 Identifying Infinitives Basic forms of verbs preceded by the word to. The infinitive of the verb walk is to walk . Infinitives function in sentences as nouns, adjectives or adverbs. I love to eat breakfast in bed. Our plan to visit San Francisco was changed. Your telephone number is easy to remember . To is usually a preposition, but preceding a verb it is a marker or signal an infinitive. Following a few verbs (hear, help, let, make, see, and watch) it is common for the marker to be omitted. Infinitive phrases can act as subjects, objects and modifiers Corrine loves to ride the moving sidewalks at the airport. To do a difficult job well can be very rewarding.
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3 Identifying Participles Present participles: (verb forms ending in –ing) Past participles: (verb forms ending in –ed or –d) Participles function as adjectives in a sentence. A
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3-28(2)-08 - Identifying Verbals Verbals are closely...

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