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EXAM 1 Study Guide


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CHAPTER 17 KEY TERMS AND IDEAS GROUP AFFECTED CHALLENGE FACED RESPONSE EXPLANATION Blacks Jim Crow laws: lynching Booker T. Washington’s “Atlanta Compromise” Advocated a policy of accommodation and vocational education Labor Viewed as radical Samuel Gomper’s “business unionism” Concentrated only on wages, hours, and working not conditions, social reform Women Denied the right to vote Clubs like the Women’s Christian Temperance Union Allowed women to exert more influence on public affairs Chinese 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act United States v. Wong Kim Ark Decision held that the 14 th Amendment awarded citizenship to American- born children of Chinese immigrants Populist Party: Founded in 1892, it advocated a variety of reform issues, including free coinage of silver, income tax, postal savings, and regulation of railroads and direct election of U.S. Senators. People’s Party: Farmers Alliance became People’s Party- defend rights of farmers (Knights of Labor of farming) Pullman Strike: strike against the Pullman Palace Car Company in the Pullman, Illinois on May 11, 1894 by the American Railway Union under Debs; the strike was crushed by court injunctions and federal troops 2 months later Campaign of 1896: Republican McKinley vs. Democrat Bryan (McKinley won) Redeemers: Conservative white democrats, many of them planters or business men, who reclaimed control of the south following the end of the Reconstruction. Nativism: anti-immigrant and anti-Catholic feeling, the largest group was New York’s Order of the Star- Spangles Banner, which expanded into the American (Know-Nothing) Party in 1854. San Jan Hill: Roosevelt’s Rough Riders (no blacks) reached top of San Juan Hill, even though black units had preceded them. Roosevelt made himself out to be a national hero through the press. “Splendid Lil War”: Spanish American War (1898); USS Maine was destroyed in Havana Harbor during Cuban struggle for independence from Spain. Demands for intervention escalated after sinking of USS Maine; declared war, only lasted 4 months Open Door Policy: free movement of goods and money American Federation of Labor: program of internal improvements and protective tariffs promoted by Speaker of the House Henry Clay in his presidential campaign of 1824; his proposals formed the core of Whig ideology. Women’s Christian Temperance Union: largest female reform society of the late nineteenth century; it moved from opposing sale of liquor to demanding the right to vote for women. Philippine War: American military campaign that suppressed the movement for Philippine independent after the Spanish-American War; American’s death toll was over 4,000 and the Philippine’s was far higher.
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Black Voting: southern laws enacted the elimination of black votes, since the 15 th amendment prohibited restriction based on race; they made a poll tax (fee in order to vote), literacy tests, and required an understanding of the state constitution. Yick Wo vs. Hopkins:
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