9-19-08 - Psychology 206 Class Notes DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH...

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Psychology 206 – Class Notes – 9/19/08 DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH – OVERVIEW Correlational research Observational research o Naturalistic observation o Systematic observation o Participant observation Field Research o Surveys Mailed, telephone, door-to-door, online CORRELATIONAL RESEARCH Advantages Only way to study some behaviors Low demand characteristics o Lower demand characteristics relative to what we would be doing in a lab Disadvantages Lacks control of confounds, which results in problems with causal conclusions due to lack of random assignment You should not complete your own survey Laboratory research : Advantages: Control You are able to eliminate confounds Disadvantages: Realistic (external validity) - You cannot randomly assign “oh you’re going to be Greek, you’re going to be an athlete, etc.” quasi-independent variable (no random assignment)
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CORRELATIONAL RESEARCH Example: We could go out and measure stress, as well as depression (say using an inventory) o Problem: We didn’t randomly assign people to a group with stress and a group with depression Therefore, we can’t make causal conclusions Correlation does not prove causation! o
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This note was uploaded on 06/03/2009 for the course PSYCH 206 taught by Professor Kenney-benson during the Fall '07 term at Allegheny.

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9-19-08 - Psychology 206 Class Notes DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH...

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