1-20-09 - Abnormal Behavior Class Notes 1/20/09 Koro...

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Abnormal Behavior – Class Notes – 1/20/09 Koro – happens in South East Asia What is the difference between: Description Explanation - Description – list the characteristics of something - Explanation – why something has occurred Description: Sore, red ankle – tendenitis Explanation – No explanation given We tend to think that descriptions are actually explanations All of the disorders in the DSM-IV are just descriptions (for a disorder), not an explanation Sequence of events: Description Explanation Treatment and then back to explanation What actually happens is: Description treatment explanation DESCRIPTION EXPLANATION TREATMENT Psychiatrists are physicians (they can prescribe medication) Psychologists do not prescribe medications
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Spiritogenic – Possession from a spirit Does not have to be a bad thing (culturally relative) Spiritogenic (Model) Description Abnormal Behavior Explanation Possession by an “unclean” spirit Treatment Exorcism by priest/shaman Spiritogenic model is still alive and well. THIS IS THE PRE-HISTORY PERIOD before the Greek period Somatogenic - of or arising from physiological causes rather than being psychogenic in origin; Psychogenic - Originating in the mind or in mental or emotional processes; having a psychological rather than a physiological origin. Somatogenic (Model) Description Abnormal behavior Explanation Problems in body Imbalances o Imbalances in the 4 bodily fluids: phlem, black bile, yellow bile, and blood o Hysteria – e xcessive or uncontrollable fear . The manifest of a physical symptom without a physical cause. Women would always have this, not men. The Greeks thought that the woman’s uterus was in the wrong place in the woman’s body. The treatment was to get the woman married and pregnant and put the woman back in the home, where she belongs. Treatment Was carried out by the physician . Idea was not to punish the patient. Many times the treatment was a beating to beat the evil
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spirits out of the body. NOW IN THE MIDDLE AGES: ( Salem Witch Trials) Spiritogenic (model) Description Abnormal Behavior Explanation Consorting with the devil (the difference between this and demon possession is that “consorting” refers to the patient’s choice ). This phenomenon occurred frequently in women. The explanation was that women gave up on the important (internal) battle between good evil over which “side” possessed the human soul (God or the devil). It was believed that women were giving up and consorting with the devil out of choice . Treatment
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1-20-09 - Abnormal Behavior Class Notes 1/20/09 Koro...

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