2-12-09 - Psychology Class Notes Exam grades will be posted...

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Psychology – Class Notes – 2/12/09 Exam grades will be posted outside his office. I was test form A Your score is out of 60. Today’s topic: MOOD DISORDERS Today and Tuesday – mood disorders Manic-Depression – Now known as Bipolar affects about 1% of population, one of the most disruptive disorders Pretty treatable DEPRESSION 1. DESCRIPTION Most depressed person of all history – Hamlet Act II, Scene II o “Lately, I have lost all of my happiness o Not doing his daily activities o He feels heavy o He doesn’t feel like doing anything o With all of the good stuff in the world, he still fels sad o Anhedoni – The loss of pleasure in normal activities –major criteria for depression o Sees the world through a dark lens o The world sucks to him o You know you could feel different, but you cannot. The way you are diagnosed depends on the country you are in – cultural relevance Major depressive episode : 1. Anhedoni 2. Withdrawal 3. Reduced energy 4. Guilt is a fundamental symptom of depression 5. Insomnia or hypersomnia a. Insomnia – you cannot sleep (well) early morning waking insomnia is common b. Hypersomnia – too much sleep
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6. Loss of appetite or excessive appetite a. Weight loss b. Weight gain 7. Suicidality – thoughts of suicide a. There a lot of reasons why someone feels suicidal – vast range – just because someone is suicidal, doesn’t mean the person is depressed i. Suicidal impulses, attempts, thoughts 8. Poor hygiene 9. Loss of energy a. If you don’t have a lot of energy, even to get out of bed, yes, you will have bad hygiene. 10. Impairment in social life a. Absent at school 11. Concentration problems 12. Memory problems a. Especially short term memory b. Older people – the older people who have memory loss due to depression is often associated (mistakenly assumed to be) related to old age 13. Sadness a. Low self-esteem 14. Guilt 15. You can have stomach problems 16. You can have delusions and hallucinations 17. Lack of hope for the future Depression is on a normal-abnormal continuum most people will have, at some point, some feelings/symptoms of depression. Dysthymic disorder – some of the same symptoms of depression, but they are not as severe as full-blown depression. o Often chronic, eats away at you over time o Not as severe as depression, but lasts much longer Anxiety is comorbid with depression Comorbid – means that depression coexists as a disorder. The presence of one or more disorders (or diseases) in addition to a primary disease or disorder ( dual-diagnosis )
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Major depression episode HALLUCINATIONS AND DELUSIONS o Auditory hallucinations - always more common (compared to visual or olfactory hallucinations) o In patients with depression , their hallucinations are almost always mood congruent Mood congruent When hallucinations are of the same theme as your mood depressed mood, depressed hallucinations Delusion of reference
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This note was uploaded on 06/03/2009 for the course PSYCH 170 taught by Professor Wise during the Spring '08 term at Allegheny.

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2-12-09 - Psychology Class Notes Exam grades will be posted...

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