2-26-09 - Psychology Class Notes 2/26/09 Primary and...

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Psychology – Class Notes – 2/26/09 Primary and secondary gain deals with explaining the symptoms Primary gain – what you gain is relief from anxiety what the symptom gives you by internally solving one of your problems: I have this uncontrollable urge and I develop a symptom and the symptom relieves you of the anxiety and pain of that uncontrollable problem. The symptom only helps in the short term Secondary gain – what you get from the outside from having a disorder. When you get all of this attention that reinforces you for having a Secondary gain is a psychodynamic term for behaviorist’s “reinforcement” o This would be positive reinforcement (if given attention) o This could also be negative reinforcement if you are rediagnosed with MPD/DID because they might move you from an unpleasant situation/location and relocate 1. Give one sentence summaries of the post-traumatic and sociocognitive models of DID. EXAM-QUESTION! Post-traumatic model - A theory of dissociative identity disorder that argues that it results from traumatic childhood experiences. Sociogenic model - Sociocognitive model (SCM) – A theory of dissociative identity disorder that argues that it is iatrogenic and/or the disorder results from socially reinforced multiple role enactments emphasized mostly by memory researchers (academic people), rather than therapists. The theory of multiple personalities that suggests that alters are created by the therapist. 2. In the video we just watched, you heard a therapist interviewing people with DID. What aspects of these interviews would a proponent of the sociogenic model most object to? a.
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2-26-09 - Psychology Class Notes 2/26/09 Primary and...

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