4-28-09 - Psychology 170 Class Notes 4/28/09 Disorders of...

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Psychology 170 – Class Notes – 4/28/09 Disorders of Cognition Alzheimer’s Parkinson’s Disease Huntington’s Disease o Genetic markers o Lethal disorder o Person will ultimately die Other sources of BD (brain damage) o AIDS dementia Slowing down of brain Treatment is limited o Sometimes the plasticity of the brain will allow the surrounding area of the damaged area will take on the functions of the damaged area this is limited o Blows to the head are bad o There is liquid in the cranium that protects the brain from hitting the inside of the skull If this happens, the brain could be damaged The range of effects of damage is large: Small amount of damage can lead to BIG PROBLEMS Large amount of damage which leads to virtually no problems Alzheimer’s disease: Prevalence among older adults 65-74 – less than 10% 75-84 very high 85+ not as high because people have already died from alzheimer’s by this time It’s very difficult on the family members of those with Alzheimer’s disease Beta-amyloid plaques in the cerebral cortex – physical changes in the brain of someone with Alzheimer’s Disease
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Certain treatments can slow down the progress of the disease Memory training can not cure, but can help o Cognitive stimulation helps slow down the process of deterioration o If you do not fall into the trap of just doing nothing train your brain! New drugs o Slow down the course of the disorder, but not cure the disease Depression in Later Life Friends and/or family members are falling ill and/or dying causes depression in the survivors Anxiety and substance abuse increases in later life Substance abuse medication abuse and NOT alcohol and other hard drugs o Become dependent on medication o Physicians are more likely to presecribe stronger medication for older individuals Psychotic Disorders in Later Life People with psychotic disorders do GET BETTER later in life People become paranoid, demented, delusions associated with dementia that comes later in life
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Psychology and the Law Very broad category Forensic psychologists: Look at psychological patterns and try to predict behavior Try to determine the MO of a criminal Push for policy reform for those affected by mental illness
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This note was uploaded on 06/03/2009 for the course PSYCH 170 taught by Professor Wise during the Spring '08 term at Allegheny.

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4-28-09 - Psychology 170 Class Notes 4/28/09 Disorders of...

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