Major Essay Final.docx - Altman 1 Alexa Altman Amber Cooney DC Composition 102 21 May 2019 Banning Conversion Therapy In a study put out in November

Major Essay Final.docx - Altman 1 Alexa Altman Amber Cooney...

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Altman 1 Alexa Altman Amber Cooney DC Composition 102 21 May 2019 Banning Conversion Therapy In a study put out in November 2018, by Psychology Today, it was reported that out of 700,000 LGBTQ Americans, 63 percent who experienced conversion therapy or have had their parents try to change their sexual orientation, have experienced depression or attempted suicide. Conversion therapy, also known as reparative or sexual orientation therapy, is a pseudoscientific practice that’s initiative is to change an individual’s sexual orientation from homosexual or bisexual, to heterosexual by using psychological, physical, and spiritual interventions (Drescher). Otherwise known as, reparative therapy, which is another form of conversion therapy, where the initiative is to make one feel like their God given sex. To this day, only 16 out of 50 states in the United States have illegalized the practice of conversion therapy towards LGBTQ minors. In my opinion, conversion therapy should be banned in all 50 states, not just for minors, but as a whole. Up until the nineteenth century, homosexuality had been considered an illness that could be “treated” and/or “cured.” In fact, homosexuality was not removed from the “Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders” (DSM) until 1973 (Lieberman). Origins of conversion therapy began in 1899, Germany, when a psychiatrist named Albert von Schrenck-Notzing claimed that he could “cure” gay people through hypnosis and a few trips to brothels. He didn’t know it at the time, but he had just launched the phenomenon, “conversion therapy.” Throughout the 19th century into the 20th century, homosexuality was considered deviant, sinful, and even criminal in some centuries (Blakemore).
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Altman 2 There were many theories as to why someone was homosexual. One theory was it was all rooted in the testicals, as a sexual disease. In the 1920s, Eugen Steinach lead a series of transplants in which, the gay man would be castrated and given “heterosexual” testicals as a way to “cure” his homosexuality. Others theorized that homosexuality was a psychological disorder instead. Sigmund Freud hypothesized that all humans are born innately bisexual, and their conditioning and exposure to things is what causes them to become gay. Though, Freud didn’t say it was a disease, per se, his colleagues thought otherwise and began to use psychological methods such as electroconvulsive therapy, or even more extreme measures, such as lobotomies (brain surgery). Other methods were aversion therapy, in which methods are used to attempt to make a person feel disgusted about homosexuals. Some people were given chemicals, under medical supervision, to make them throw up while staring at photos of their lovers. Others were forced to view porn and consistently got shocked, typically in their genitals, when there was any form of blood rush or desire known (The History).
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  • Fall '16
  • Mr. Cooney
  • Homosexuality, Research Paper, American Psychological Association, Conversion therapy, Alexa Altman

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