BOOK NOTES (exam 1) - 1 GEOG 020 BOOK NOTES Chapter...

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1 GEOG 020 BOOK NOTES Chapter 1—Geography Matters I: Introduction A: Places are increasingly independent B: Places- specific geographic settings with distinctive physical, social and cultural attributes. C: Regions - territories that encompass many places, all or most of which share attributes different from the attributes of places elsewhere. D: Maps 1. Play a key role in how geographers analyze and portray the world 2. Important tools for introducing geographers’ ideas about the way that places and regions are made and altered. II: Why Places Matter A: Human geography - the study of spatial organization of human activity and of people’s relationship with their environments. B: Many American’s have little real appreciation or understanding of people and places beyond their own daily routines. 1. American’s came next to least in terms of geographic literacy. III: Influence and Meaning of Places A: Places are dynamic, with changing properties and fluid boundaries that are the product of the interplay of a wide variety of environmental and human factors. 1. Places provide the settings for people’s daily lives and their social relations. B: Places also exert a strong influence, for better or worse, on people’s physical well-being, opportunities, and lifestyle choices. 1. Small town limited job opportunities, lower crime rate 2. Big city increased employment opportunities, higher crime rate C: Places also contribute to people’s collective memory and become powerful emotional and cultural symbols. 1. Time Square – NY/Hollywood Blvd – LA 2. The meaning reflects the way places are socially constructed 3. Places are constructed by their inhabitants 4. People’s Identity- the sense that they make of themselves through their subjective feelings based on their everyday experiences and wider social relations. a. Looked at differently from outside D: Places are the site of innovation and change, of resistance and conflict. 1. Specific places can provide new agricultural practices, new modes of economic organization, new cultural practices, etc E: Establishing trends 1. “Nuclear free zones” 2. Think globally, act locally F: In summary:
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2 1. Places are settings for social interaction 2. Structure the daily routine of people’s economic and social life 3. Provide both opportunities and constraints in terms of people’s long- term social well-being 4. Provide context in which everyday, commonsense knowledge and experience are gathered 5. Provide a setting for processes of socialization 6. Provide an arena for contesting social norms VI: The Interdependence of Places A: Places have an importance of their own, but also most places are interdependent, filling specialized roles. 1.
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This note was uploaded on 03/31/2008 for the course GEOG 020 taught by Professor Whitehead,jessica during the Fall '07 term at Pennsylvania State University, University Park.

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BOOK NOTES (exam 1) - 1 GEOG 020 BOOK NOTES Chapter...

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