candide-voltiare v.v 392.pdf - ​Vanessa Vallejo September 29th 2016 Professor D.D Jeffries English 392 Men Are Not Born Evil One of Voltaire’s most

candide-voltiare v.v 392.pdf - ​Vanessa Vallejo September...

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Vanessa Vallejo September 29th 2016 Professor D.D. Jeffries English 392 Men Are Not Born Evil. One of Voltaire’s most famous pieces of works Candide, is an exquisite critic against philosophy, the church, nobility and cruelty in the most satiric form. Voltaire demonstrates through his ironic satiric strategy that the enlightenment was far from a monolithic movement. The enlightenment was a great age of advances in the fields of science, philosophy, and medicine that peaked within the seventeenth and eighteenth century. Throughout the entire novel, Candide focuses on one main philosophy that is satirically mocked. Which is that in all possible worlds, this world is the best world, and everything happens for the best. Voltaire's mocking of the enlightenment assaults the optimism that asserts the idea that careful thought can reduce the malice and evils of human beings. Men are not born evil. However there is a great deal of evil and bad in the world created by men. By carefully examining the ironic adventures of Candide, one will notice the difference between the inclination towards evil as opposed to choosing evil. Candide is introduced as the protagonist of the novel. He is a good hearted, young caring man. His name can be affiliated with the definition of candid, which typically can be defined as being free from bias, prejudice, and malice. Candide is the nephew of one of the most powerful barons in Westphalia and because of this he was raised in the lord's castle. Candide’s tutor, Pangloss, is the castle’s philosopher. Pangloss’s character and ideas are primarily the target for
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the novel’s satire. The philosopher’s beliefs can be distinguished in the very second page of the book when Pangloss explains “ it is demonstrable, that things cannot be otherwise than they are; for as all things have been created for some end, they must necessarily be created for the best end”. Dr.Pangloss parodies a real life enlightenment thinker named Gottfried Leibniz, who believed that the world was perfect and that all evil in it was simply a means to a greater good. Because of Pangloss’s main philosophy and Candide’s utmost worship of mentor’s wisdom, he will face many truths about the people and the world in its entirety.
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