Discussion - Week 15.docx - Running head SUMMARY OF...

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Running head: SUMMARY OF READINGS 1 Summary of Readings Bhavana Bangaru University of the Cumberlands
SUMMARY OF READINGS2 Summary of Readings Chapter 15 of the textbook deals with leading, understanding, and transforming of the Organization system. Organizational structure is defined as the way in which job tasks are formally divided, grouped and coordinated. The seven key elements that needs to be addressed when the organizational structure is designed are work specialization, departmentalization, chain of command, span of control, centralization and decentralization, formalization, and boundary spanning. Work Specialization is the degree to which tasks in an organization are subdivided into separate jobs. The key is to divide the job into number of tasks and each of that is to be completed by a separate individual, who is specialized in the given area[CITATION Rob18 \p 246 \l 1033 ]. Departmentalization is the basis by which jobs in an organization are grouped together. Functional, product or service, geographical, process and customer are the different types of departmentalization. Chain of Command is defined as the unbroken line of authority that extends from the top of the organization to the lowest and clarifies who reports to whom. Authority and unity of command are the key points to be discussed in chain of command. Authority is defined as the rights inherent in a managerial position to give orders and to expect the orders to be obeyed. This is the power that comes with the position, for example, manager, supervisor or any individual an employee reports directly to[CITATION Rob18 \p 248 \l 1033 ]. Unity of command is the idea that a subordinate should have only one superior to whom they are directly responsible, this will help the employee to work productively without any conflict as to whom to report. Span of control is the number of subordinates a manager can efficiently and effectively direct. The effectiveness in the management decreases when there are too many employees to look after[CITATION Rob18 \p 249 \l 1033 ]. Centralization refers to the degree to which decision making is concentrated at a single point in an organization, the degree to which
SUMMARY OF READINGS3 decision making is pushed down to the manager closest to the action is the decentralization decision making. Formalization is another key concept to be considered, which is the degree to which jobs in an organization are standardized. Boundary spanning is when the individuals form relationships outside their formally assigned groups[CITATION Rob18 \p 250-251 \l 1033 ].

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