Assignment 1: Dealing with Diversity in America from Reconstruction through the 1920sTaisha SmithHarry StansburyHIS 105: American History after 1865July 19, 2019
PART ONE: INTRODUCTION WITH THESIS In 1865, African American men and women had the chance to acknowledge that they were officially unchained. According to the Thirteenth Amendment, slavery was banned, and everyonewho was a victim of slavery was considered freedmen and freedwomen (Schultz, 1, p. 291). Although slavery ended, the freedmen and freedwomen would eventually have to settle in their hearts that they were still being held captive, and "free" was a word used too loosely. African Americans were forced to battle through reconstruction, industrialization, and the progressive eraranging about five decades. The African Americans now had to face a new challenge, which was to live in a world full of hatred. Even though the African Americans were spread out, some beingnorth, and some being south; they still faced the same problems with the government. All they wanted to do was get credit for the work they had done, and live a happy life. The term free to them meant free to walk around anywhere they please, but that was not on the agenda for the whites or the government. Political policies in the period from 1865 to the 1920s generally tried to hinder or restrict diversity and "the melting pot," in part because of widespread prejudices.