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STEP 3:1.What was the research question that guided the work by Drews, et al.? What was their hypothesis (specific prediction)? The research question is distracted driving a cognitive or a motor issue. Their hypothesis is that it's a cognitive issue. Thisis all related to the process of selective attention.2.The Independent Variables (IV) is/are: The drivers.3.The dependent variables is the person that they're havingthe conversation with. 4.Were the participants randomly assigned to conditions? What is the purpose of random assignment? The participants were randomly segmented into a group, with one half of the group, who isn't driving, having the close-call conversation story with the driver over the phone, and the other half havingit in person as a passenger in the car while the driver was driving. The purpose of random assignment is to discern whether there will be a disparity in the results of this experiment between those who are in a group with the driver in the car, as opposed to those who have the conversation over the phone. 5.What kind of research design did this study use, i.e., descriptive, correlational, or experimental? Explain your answer. This kind of research design would have to be characterized as experimental because originally all of the research participants would be characterized as equal until they were divided up into two groups with different conditions for each group to try to manipulate the experiment. This