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midterm 2 Studyguide

midterm 2 Studyguide - Constantin Stanislavski The man in...

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Constantin Stanislavski The man in training! Schools are all over the world. The goal is the same, tech actors to live truthfully in imaginary circumstances. He was a bad actor, started Moscow Art Theatre. He got stage fright really badly and he thought it was b/c we were too conscious of self, so concentrate on your audience. “Magic IF” connection w/character Lee Strasberg “The Method” He got a hold of Stanislvaski’s book and thought it was all, so he came up w/The Method emotional memory Stella Adler She didn’t like vomiting emotion, thought it was dangerous. She returned to a focus on the text itself, find something in the text for emotion. Sanford Meisner We are all actors, just tell the truth in the imaginary circumstances. George II, the Duke of Saxe- Meiningen He was the first director. He insisted on play- specific costumes and scenery and props (realistic detail) He abolished the star system. There were no stars in his play company. He insisted a production should be rehearsed as long as needed. He unified production concept (research and analysis) Iambic Pentameter Iamb- metric foot consisting of 1 short, unstressed syllable followed by 1 long, stressed syllable (sounds like a heartbeat). Penta- 5; meter- foot of verse Prose Low characters; comedy tends to be done in prose; a break in rhythm can be a sign of madness Farce Improbable plots, exaggerated characters; slapstick elements; grotesque and unnatural; often physical humor; EX: Spamalot, The Waterboy, Wedding Singer, The 3 Stooges Satire Ridicules its subjects; parody; ironic humor; often a means for provoking or preventing change; exaggerates real- life situation to examine itself Romantic Comedy Quest of a pair of lovers to get together; happy endings; antagonist usually participates in final festival Old Comedy Stems from 5 th century BCE Athens; plots not arrived from myth & legend; slapstick action; scatological & sexual jokes; political satire & literary parody; chorus plays integral part; language often mimics high blown tragic style for comic effect New Comedy Late 4 th century BC; absence of chorus; focused on family matters & complications in relationships, rather than political; universality of human relationships; greatest influence on modern comedy Aristophanes (phanes is funny) Wrote great political humor; democracy was sour in Athens; people were demoralized by ongoing Peloponnesian war. Wrote Lysistrata Written 21 years into Peloponnesian war; women of Athens withhold sex from husbands until peace is made w/Sparta; elements of farce & satire; political, sexual, scatological humor
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Commedia dell Arte 14 th & 15 th Century; traveling troupes of families; blended farce, satire & romance; partly scripted, mainly improvised; mainly performed in masks; women: first time on stage in western theatre b/c they were families; connected tissue between old comedy, new comedy, and Shakespeare; it was a dangerous business b/c the townspeople blamed random, bad things on them Lazzi: Comic bits; its an instant connection; actor virtuosity
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