Lesson 5 - Lesson 5 Transportation of Crude Oil - Via a...

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Lesson 5 Transportation of Crude Oil - Via a variety of methods: pipeline, tanker, and the multi- wheeled big (trucking) rigs -By far the best method of transporting a fluid is by a pipeline. Some of these pipelines are very long, such as the 800- mile Trans- Alaskan pipeline, which carries 17% of the domestic production of crude oil. -These pipelines are expensive, however, a cost of $8 billion at 1977 rates! -The pipeline is cleaned periodically with "pigs" -The pipeline ends in Valdez. Thus, to get the Alaskan crude oil from the state of Alaska to the markets in the rest of the United States requires tankers to carry the fuel the ocean leg of the journey. Generally this is to the refinery operations on the West Coast - In the North East get our crude oil from exotic locations such a Nigeria, Saudi Arabia, Venezuela etc but also from Warren, or Oil City, etc. in Pennsylvania! - In 1989 the Exxon Valdez ran aground leaking 11 million gallons of crude oil - The US does produce a great quantity of crude oil, ~50 % of our needs, the rest
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Lesson 5 - Lesson 5 Transportation of Crude Oil - Via a...

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